The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم knowledge and sciences1

Allah gave His Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم an abundance of concentrated knowledge relating to both worldly affairs and His religion. He gave to him knowledge of the instructions of Law, of politics and what was in the best interest of his nation. He was given knowledge of the circumstances of previous nations, and became knowledgeable of the stories of prophets, messengers, tyrants and of each generation from Sayyidina Adam until his time coupled to knowledge of their laws and scriptures. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was knowledgeable of the aspects of their lives, their battles and events. He knew details of their prominent personnel and their varying opinions. He even knew how long they lived and the wisdom of their elders. When the unbelievers came to him صلى الله عليه وسلم ,he was able to debate and clearly answer both Jew and Christian according to their own scripture. He told them of the secrets of their scriptures and spoke of their hidden sciences and informed them of what they choose to conceal and how they had tampered with their Books. As for Arab tribes, he was familiar with each dialect and knew the doubtful words special to certain tribes. He knew each of the eloquent styles of pure Arabic. He knew the circumstances of their battles, their wisdom, expressions and the meaning of their poems, his vocabulary encompassed all their words and he would use them to give clarifying stories or sayings so that all were able to understand the depth of matters and shed light on the unclear. He made the rules of the Law easy to understand, they were neither strict nor differing. The Law he brought taught the traits of good character, ethics and every kind of desirable characteristic, so much so that even an unbeliever could not raise any objection unless he became frustrated and just said anything in revenge. Even the unbelievers in the “Time of Ignorance” who opposed or rejected him were not able to refute this and said what he brought was correct and did not attempt to prove it to be otherwise. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم made lawful what was good for everyone and forbade that which was opposite, and it was through this that he protected lives, honour and property from harm, and made them fear the Fire of the Everlasting Life. The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم knowledge surpasses that of even the most dedicated people of science who are only able to acquire, even after years of study, an incomplete understanding of perhaps one or more scientific field such as that of medicine, the interpretation of dreams, the distribution of inheritance, mathematic, lineage etc., that stem from his knowledge. His knowledge encompassed all sciences in full. Of visions, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمwarned, “Visions should only be interpreted by the truly knowledgeable scholars of interpretation, and the realisation of the vision will be come in due course.” He also said, “Visions fall into three categories, the true vision, a dream in which a person talks to himself, and a distressful dream which is from satan.”2 He also said, “When the end of time draws near, the dream of a believer will nearly lie.”3

Of illness, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم informs us of his knowledge saying, “The root of every illness is indigestion.”4

Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah tells us that he said, “The intestines are the drain of the body and the veins reach it.”5 He spoke of many cures including those of the ear and inside the mouth, of cupping, and laxatives. Regarding the best time for cupping he told his Companions that it is on the seventeenth, nineteenth and twenty-first of the lunar month.6 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of other cures one of which is for pleurisy saying, “In the aloeswood, there are seven cures, one of which is the cure for pleurisy. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم mentioned the status of the stomach saying, “The son of Sayyidina Adam has not filled any container worse than his stomach. If it has to be filled, then one third should be for food, another third for beverage and the remaining third for breath.”7 He was asked if Sabi was a person or a country whereupon he replied, “He was the father of ten children, six in Yemen and four in Syria.”8 The Arabs were preoccupied with matters relating to their lineage and would come to ask the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and their questions would be answered. Sayyidina Qada’a inquired about matters relating to his lineage and his inquiry was satisfied. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of time, saying, “Time revolves in a circle which was its form on the day that Allah created the heavens and the earth.”9 He spoke of the Pool of Al Kawthar, and described it saying, “Its corners form a square.”10 As for the remembrance of Allah (dhikr) the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم gave the good news, “A good deed has ten more like it, therefore, one hundred and fifty on the tongue is equal to fifteen hundred on the Scales.”11 The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم informed his Companions that everywhere between the east and the west is a direction of prayer (qibla).

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