The Prophet’s صلى الله عليه وسلم knowledge of the Unseen and the future

Incident 1 Regarding the signs relating to future events and the Last Day, Sayyidina Hudhayfa tells us, “The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلمgave a sermon in which he omitted nothing that would occur up until the Last Day. Some of us remembered them whereas some forgot, but many of my companions know them. When anyone of the events were realised, I would recognise and recall what the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had told us in the same way that a man remembers the face of another who went away but recognises him upon his return.” Sayyidina Hudhayfa then said, “I do not know whether my companions have forgotten or pretended to forget but the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم did not omit the inventer of a single disaster that would occur right up until the end of the world, and there were more than three hundred. Not only did he name the inventor, but he also gave the names of their fathers as well as their tribes.”1 1. The companions had such faith that they said; “…in which he omitted nothing that would occur up until the Last Day…”. Not all of them took place in their blessed time, however, it was their faith that the Prophet .lla meht wen ص

Incident 2 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told his Companions and family that they would be victorious over the enemies of Islam. He informed them of the future Opening of Makkah, Jerusalem, Yemen, Syria and Iraq, and that security of passage would be realised so that a woman cou

Incident 3

– The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم warned that Madinah would be raided. He told his Companions that Khybar would be conquered by Sayyidina Ali on the following day.

– He also prophesied various parts of the world that Allah would open for his nation, and also of the treasures they would be receive, such as those of Chosroes and Caesar.

– He warned of the sedition that would occur among them, the disputes and the rise of various sects who would behave in a manner similar to their predecessors, and that they would split into seventy-three sects, of which only one would be saved.

– He told of their spreading throughout the world, and that a people would come who wore one fine garment in the morning and another in the evening, and that dish after dish would be set before them.

– He spoke of the time when their homes would be adorned in a similar way to the Ka’ba.

– He concluded the sermon saying, “You are better off today than you will be on that day.”3

Incident 4

– The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمalso spoke of the time when Muslims would strut proudly about the earth and said they would be served by girls from Persia and Byzantine.

– He spoke of the time that Allah would withdraw from them their power, and that those who were evil would overcome the good. – He also spoke of the fighting that would occur between them and the Turks, the Khazars and the Byzantine.

– He said, Chosroes and Persia would be wiped out and thereafter cease to exist.”4

Incident 5

– He صلى الله عليه وسلمprophesied that the descendants of the Byzantines would continue generation after generation right up until the end of the world. At that time the noblest and best people would be taken away.

– He prophesied that knowledge would be taken away as time drew to an end, and of the troublemaking and bloodshed that would appear. He said, “Woe for the Arabs, for the evil that draws near!”5

Incident 6 The earth was rolled up for the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم so that he was able to see its eastern and western boundaries and said that the extent of his nation would reach was that which was rolled up for him.

Incident 7 Sayyidina Abu Umama, reports the saying of Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم relating to the coming of Imam “Al Mahdi”, the expected guided leader, who will appear shortly before the end of the world, he said, “A group of my nation will remain steadfast to the truth. They will conquer their enemy until the command of Allah comes as they remain in that status.” When he was asked where this group would be, he replied, “In Jerusalem.”7

Incident 8 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم brought news of the kingdom of the Umayyads and the caliphate of Sayyidina Mu’awiyah whom he advised. He صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid that the Umayyads would turn the kingdoms of Allah into a dynasty. He also said that the descendants of Sayyidina Al Abbas would emerge under black banners and govern an area far larger than previously known.8

Incident 9 He صلى الله عليه وسلمspoke of the coming of Imam Al Mahdi, and when he would appear. He spoke of the events “The People of his House” (Ahl Al Bayt) would face and mentioned their martyred slaying by their enemy and following exclusion.9

Incident 10 The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم prophesied the martyrdom of Imam Ali and said that those who would kill him were the most wretched of people, and that Imam Ali would be the one to assign their place in the Fire. He صلى الله عليه وسلم said that Imam Ali’s friends would enter the Garden whereas his enemies would enter the Fire (this is in reference to the unbelievers who fought Imam Ali). He mentioned that among those who would rise up against him would be the Kharijites, the Nasibiyah (who were intense in their hatred of him), and that a group of Rafidites who claimed to follow Imam Ali would in fact reject him.10

Incident 11 The martyrdom of Sayyidina Uthman was prophesied by the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم who said, “Sayyidina Uthman will be killed as he recites the Qu’ran, perhaps Allah will have written that he will be wearing a shirt and they will want to remove it and his blood will fall on the Words of Allah “Allah will suffice you.” 2:137.11

Incident 12 As far as troublemaking was concerned, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that it would not appear during Sayyidina Umar’s lifetime. He صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid, “Az Zubair would fight against Imam Ali, and the dogs of HowAb would bark at one of his wives and there would be a lot of killing around her, and that she would only just escape. When Sayyida Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, went to Basra, the dogs of HowAb barked (the barking occurred as Sayyidina Aisha rode in seclusion in her howdah and upon hearing their barking she asked if she was in Hoawab but those around her lied saying it was some other place.12

Incident 13 The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم prophesied that an unjust group would misbehave and take the life of Sayyidina Ammar, this prophecy was fulfilled when the army of Sayyidina Mua’wiyah killed him. To Abdullah, Az-Zubair’s son he said, “Woe to the people from you and woe to you from the people!”

Incident 14 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of the hypocrite Quzman saying, “He will be tested along with the Muslims, even though he is one of the people of the Fire.” This prophecy was fulfilled and Quzman committed suicide. He named certain people amongst whom were Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah, Samura Jundub’s son, and Sayyidina Hudhayfa and said, “The last of you will die in a fire.” The last to die amongst them was Samura who was old and senile who died as he was trying to warm himself.

Incident 15 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of the martyrdom of Sayyidina Hanzala, saying, “Ask his wife about him. I saw angels washing him.” Sayyidina Hanzala had married the night before a battle and they asked her about him and she said, “He left in the state of major impurity and died before he had a chance to take a major shower.” Sayyidina Abu Sa’id said, “We found his head dripping with water.”13 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمspoke of the caliphate of the Quraysh saying, “The caliphate is with the Quraysh, and it will remain so as long as they maintain the religion.”14

Incident 16 He صلى الله عليه وسلمprophesied that a liar and a destructive person would emerge from Thaqif.15 It is thought that Al Hajjaj, Joseph’s son and Al Mukhtar, Ubayd’s son are those referred to in the prophecy.16

Incident 17 He صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of Musaylima (the liar who laid claim to the Prophethood during the lifetime of the Prophet) saying he would be destroyed, and it was so.17

Incident 18 Of his daughter Sayyida Fatima, may Allah be pleased with her, he gave her the good news that she would be the first of his family to pass away after him.18

Incident 19 He صلى الله عليه وسلمwarned about the apostasy which would arise and prophesied that after his veiling the just Caliphate would remain for thirty years and thereafter become a greedy kingdom. This was fulfilled during the time of Imam Al Hasan, the son of Imam Ali, may Allah be pleased with them.

Incident 20 He صلى الله عليه وسلمprophesized the loss of status of Muslims saying, “This matter began with the Prophethood and mercy, then mercy and the Caliphate, followed by a greedy kingdom, followed by arrogance and tyranny.” He warned “Corruption will enter the nation.” He also said, “A time is only followed by one worse than it.”19

Incident 21 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم made known the existence of Sayyidina Uwais Al Qarni and instructed Sayyidina Umar and Sayyidina Ali to ask Sayyidina Uwais to pray for them. It was only after the veiling of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم that this great sufi became known to the Companions. And the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم also prophesized that princes would come who would postpone the time of prayer.20

ncident 22 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم warned that amongst his nation there would arise thirty deceiving liars claiming the Prophethood, four of whom would be female. Another time he mentioned that one of the deceiving liars would be the false messiah, and that all would belie Allah and His Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم. 21

Incident 23 He صلى الله عليه وسلمspoke of non-Arabs saying, “The time is approaching when there will be numerous non-Arabs amongst you. They will consume your property and strike your necks. The Last Hour will not appear until a man from Kahtan drives the people with his staff.”22

Incident 24 He صلى الله عليه وسلمtold his Companions that the best of his followers are those who lived in his time, thereafter the next generation, followed by the next generation. He warned that after them people would come and bear witness without being asked who will be two-faced and untrustworthy. He also warned of people who would promise but not fulfill, and that many will be obese.23

Incident 25 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم warned, “My nation will be destroyed under the hands of young men from the Quraysh.” In another narration Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah tells us that he said, “If I so wished I could name them for you, the children of so-and-so and the children of so-and-so.”24

Incident 26 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمprophesized the coming of the Qadiriyya, and the Rafidites as well as the Nasibiyah who hated the four caliphs and betrayed Imam Ali. He also said that the last of his nation would curse the first of it, and the Ansar would fall in number until they became like the salt in food, and that their position would continue to dissolve until not a single group of them remained and that they would be oppressed after his veiling.25

Incident 27 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of those who severed themselves from Islam (Khawarij) and described them saying one would be abnormal and that their mark would be shaved heads.26

Incident 28 Nearing the end of time, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prophesized that shepherds would become authorities and that the naked, Bedouin, the barefoot Arabs would compete in the construction of high buildings, and mothers would give birth to their mistresses.27

Incident 29 On another occasion the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم was asked, “‘Tell me about some of the signs of its approach.’ To this the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم replied, ‘The female slave will give birth to her master, and the bare-footed, naked, penniless goat-herders will live arrogantly in high mansions.’

Incident 30 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prophesised that the Quraysh and their allies would not be able to conquer him, but he would conquer them. He spoke of “the death” (a plague during the Caliphate of Sayyidina Umar) that would occur after the conquest of Jerusalem and described the houses of Basra. When they were on an mission a wind storm blew up and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told his Companions, “It blows for the death of a hypocrite.” Upon their return to Madinah they found his prophecy had been realised.28

Incident 31 As the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم sat with his Companions he prophesised, “The tooth of one of you will be greater than the size of Mount Uhud in the Fire.” Sayyidina Abu Hurayrah said, “Eventually all of those who sat with him passed away except for me and one other, and he apostasied and was killed in the Battle of Yammah.”29

Incident 32 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of a man who had stolen some pearls from a Jew and said they would be found in the man’s saddle-bag. He spoke of a man who had stolen a cloak and told them where it was. He also spoke of a she camel that had strayed and informed them that she had become entangled by its halter in a tree.30

Incident 33 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told his Companions of a letter Hatib had written and entrusted to a woman from Muzaynah to deliver to his family in Makkah. The letter was to alert Hatib’s family of their intended march on Makkah.31

Incident 34 Safwan, Umayyah’s son persuaded Sayyidina Umayr, Wahab’s son to go and kill the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم .As Umayr approached intending to kill him, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم informed him of his secret whereupon Umayr became a Muslim.32

Incident 35 When Sayyidina Al Abbas was taken captive his goods were confiscated and he told the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم that he had no money. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم reminded him the money he had left concealed with Sayyida Umm Al Fadl, whereupon he exclaimed, “None except Sayyida Umm Al Fadl and I knew where it was.” Sayyidina Al Abbas became a Muslim.33

Incident 36 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said referring to his grandson Imam Al Hasan, “This son of mine is a master, and it is through him that Allah will bring about peace between two great groups among Muslims.”34

Incident 37 He صلى الله عليه وسلمspoke of the martyrdom of his Companions at Mu’tah (who fought against the Romans and Arab tribes that had yet to embrace Islam) at the moment of their martyrdom, despite the fact that there was more than a month’s travel between him and his Companions.35

Incident 38 When the Negus of Abyssinia passed away, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم informed his Companions of his passing.36

ncident 39 Before a messenger arrived, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told Sayyidina Fayruz (who was a Persian envoy) that Chosroes had passed away. When the messenger arrived with the news Sayyidina Fayruz read the letter and embraced Islam.37

Incident 40 One day the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم found Sayyidina Abu Dharr asleep in the Mosque in Madinah and told him that he would become an outcast saying, “How will it be with you when you are driven from it?” He replied, “I will live in the Sacred Mosque.” Then the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asked, “And what when you are driven away from there?” The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told Sayyidina Abu Dharr that he would lead a life of seclusion and die while he was alone.38 I

Incident 41 He صلى الله عليه وسلمprophesised that the first of his wives to pass away after him would be the one with the longest hand. The wife was Sayyida Zainab daughter of Jahsh, may Allah be pleased with her, who was known to be very charitable.39

Incident 42 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said that his grandson Imam Al Hussain would be martyred at Taff, (later renamed Karbala). He took some dirt in his hand and said, “His grave is in it.”40

Incident 43 A hand of Sayyidina Zaid, Sultan’s son was severed as he fought for the Sake of Allah. Prior to its severing, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had said, “One of the limbs of Sayyidina Zaid Sultan’s son will precede him to the Garden.”41

Incident 44 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم صلى الله عليه وسلم asked Sayyidina Suraka, “How would you like to wear the robes of Chosroes?” Years later the spoils gained from Persia were brought to Sayyidina Umar amongst which were the robes and ceremonial dress of Chosroes andSayyidina Umar said, “Praise be to Allah who stripped them from Chosroes and put them on Suraka.”42

Incident 45 Indicating to the city we know today as Baghdad, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم prophesied “A city will be built between the rivers Tigris and Dujayl, and Qutrubull and As-Sara. The treasures for the earth will be brought to it and the earth will swallow it up.”43

Incident 46 He warned, “In this nation there will be a man named Al-Walid. He will be worse for this nation than Pharaoh was for his.”44

Incident 47 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم forewarned, “The hour will not come until two parties fight against each other, and their claim is the same as each other.”45 (Battle of Siffeen)

Incident 48 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke to Sayyidina Umar about Sayyidina Suhail, Amr’s son saying, “It is possible that he will be in a position that will delight you Sayyidina Umar.”46 This prophecy was fulfilled. When the people of Makkah learned of the Prophet’s veiling, Sayyidina Suhail stood before its people in a way similar to that of Sayydina Abu Bakr in Madinah and addressed them in a similar manner that strengthened them.47

Incident 49 There was a time when the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم asked Sayyidina Khalid to go to Sayyidina Ukaydir, and told him that he would find him hunting wild steers.” This is exactly what he was found doing.48

Incident 50 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم informed his Companions of their secrets and even told them of their thoughts. He also told them of the hypocrites and of their rejection, and what they said about him and those who believed. One of the hypocrites would tell his companion, “Be quiet, by Allah, if he does not have someone to tell him then the stones of the plain will inform him!”49

Incident 51 There was a Jew in Madinah by the name of Labid, Asim’s son who was a sorcerer. He was approached by a fellow Jew from Khybar and asked to devise a spell of deadly proportion against the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم .The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم described Labid’s sorcery and what had been used. He told his Companions that he used a comb, and some strands of his hair, and the spathe of a male palm-tree, and that he had cast them into the well of Dharwan. The Companions went to the well and found them exactly as the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had described.50

Incident 52 When the Quraysh placed a boycott on the early Muslims – the children of Hashim – they issued a declaration that was placed inside the Ka’ba. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم told them that termites would consume the paper and only the Name of Allah would remain. This prophecy came to pass, and the boycott ceased.51

Incident 53 Each one of his prophecies, present and future, were to be fulfilled in the way he described. Amongst those yet to be fulfilled is the following, “The flourishing of Jerusalem will prove to be the ruination of Madinah. The ruin of Madinah will be brought about on account of fierce fighting. The emergence of fierce fighting will include the conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul).52

Incident 54 The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمspoke of the prevailing conditions of the Hour and also of the signs that will lead to it. He صلى الله عليه وسلم spoke of the Resurrection and the Gathering and informed what will happen to the good and those who deviated. He gave news about both the Garden and the Fire and the occurrences on the Day of Resurrection.53

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