CHAPTER THIRTY-FIVE

SUNNAH OF SHOES

O Allah (The Exalted) bless our master Muhammad (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in everything You have already created and in what You will create and in whatever is encompassed by Your Knowledge and then double all of that.

To wear footwear is the Sunnah. It saves from damaging the feet from stones, glass, thorns etc. In winter it saves the feet from illnesses and in summer from the heat. Let us learn more about the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) footwear and what he said regarding it.

The Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) footwear The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would wear sandals made from skin or wooden sandals, he also wore leather socks, and at the time of Wudhu he would perform Masah (wipe over the socks). ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “I saw the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) wearing shoes that had no hair (leather shoes without animal skin).” I

Two Straps Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that, “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) had two straps (on his footwear).” ii Right First Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) has related that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said that, “When one of you puts on footwear, wear the right first and when taking them off, take the left one off first. So that the right one be the first to be put on and the last to be taken off.” Iii

Walking With One Shoe Jabir (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) states that, “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) forbade eating with the left hand and walking with one shoe.” iv If one shoe is lost or there is a problem with the other, then do not just wear one. Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “Do not walk with one shoe, wear them both or take both of them off.” V

Wearing shoes whilst standing The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would wear his shoes while seated. Whenever he lifted up his shoes he did so with the index and middle finger of his left hand. vi Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) disallowed wearing shoes whilst standing. vii This is for those who have a problem wearing their shoes standing, as it is difficult to tie the laces whilst standing. Look at the concern the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) had for his followers, that he does not want to see us in any type of difficulty. However, who wants to listen to good advice today? People want to go their own way, it’s a free life do what you want. Remember follow the teachings and advice of Allah’s beloved (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and lay the path to Jannah for ourselves, the choice is ours!

Placing under the Arm ‘Abd-Allah Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “To place the shoes under the arms is also a Sunnah.” viii The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) states that, “When one takes a seat, take your shoes off and your feet will be relaxed.” Ix

Curse Masculine women Ibn Abu Malayka (may Allah be pleased with him) told that when someone remarked to ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) that “A woman was wearing men’s sandals she replied that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) cursed masculine women.” x Allahu Akbar! Men should only wear mens’ clothing and footwear. The women should only wear clothing and footwear that is for women. Do not even dress children with clothing of the opposite gender.

Bear feet ‘Abd-Allah bin Burayda (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “Someone asked Fadhala bin ‘Ubayd (may Allah be pleased with him) that ‘What it is that I see you bear feet?’ He said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has ordered us to stay bear feet at times.’” xi To walk bear feet at times is a great Sunnah.

VIRTUES OF THE NALAIN OF THE PROPHET (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)

The Nalain is an image of the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) blessed footwear. Many books have been written on this subject by great scholars’ hundreds of years ago. We will mention some of the benefits for sake of blessings.

Nalain Abu Ishaq (al-Zuhri) said: al-Qasim ibn Muhammad (ibn Abu Bakr al-Siddiq) said: Of the proven blessing of the likeness of the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) sandal is that whoever has it in his possession for tabarruk, it will safeguard him from the troublemaking of rebels and the mastery of enemies, and will be a barrier against every recreant devil and the evil eye of the envious. If the pregnant woman holds it in her right hand at the time of labour, her delivery will be easier by Allah’s (The Exalted) change and His might. Al-Qastallani also said that Abu al-Yaman ibn ‘Asakir wrote a volume on the image of the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) sandal, and so did Ibn Hajj al-Andalusi. He relates the account of a pious Shaykh by the name of Abu Ja’far Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Majid: I cut the pattern of this sandal for one of my students. He came to me one day and said: “I saw a wonder yesterday from the blessing of this sandal. My wife was suffered from a pain that almost took her life. I placed the sandal on the spot of her pain and said: O Allah (The Exalted), show me the blessing of the owner of this sandal. Allah (The Exalted) cured her on the spot.”

 

The Benefits Shaykh Ahmad Raza Khan in ‘Fatawa-e-Razwiyya’ writes the virtues of the Nalain, he writes: “The scholars state whoever has the Nalain will be saved from: 1. Oppression 2. Evils of Shaytan 3. You will be saved from the jealous 4. At the time of labour keep it in the hand and it will become easy. 5. If kept on oneself at all times, one will be respected 6. You will see the Rowda (Prophet’s, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shrine) 7. You will see the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in your dream 8. Not be separated from the group 9. Your group will not be robbed 10. The ship will not sink 11. The stock will not be stolen, 12. The supplication asked with its intercession will be accepted, 13. With which intention it is kept with will be fulfilled, 14. If placed on the part one has pain it will be relieved, 15. If asked for it’s intercession in the times of difficulties, the doors of success will open.” Xii

Manners of Shoes 1. It is not good to wear black shoes. ‘Abd-Allah bin Zubair and Imam Jaleel Muhammad bin Kathir (may Allah be pleased with them) forbade from wearing black shoes as it creates worries. xiii 2. It is good to wear yellowish (tan) shoes, ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “Whoever wears tanned (yellowish) shoes their worries will be reduced.” xiv 3. To wear shoes made from skin is Sunnah. xv 4. Wear both shoes or take both off. xvi 5. Shake the shoes before wearing, so that stones or such things come out. xvii 6. Wear the right shoe first and then the left. xviii 7. Take the left shoe off first and then the right. xix 8. Hold the shoes with the left-hand index and middle finger. xx 9. When taking shoes off put the shoes on one side so people do not trip over them. 10. To carry the shoes under the arm is Sunnah. xxi 11. Do not wear shoes standing up. xxii 12. Try to walk bear foot at times as the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has advised us to do so. xxiii 13. Women should not wear shoes of men and men should not wear shoes of women. As for those who do, Allah’s (The Exalted) curse is on them. xxiv This also applies to clothing. A lot of sisters are seen wearing shirt and trousers, beware! 14. If the shoes are turned over put them straight, and there will be no fear of poverty. xxv 15. Do not take someone else’s shoes if yours are lost as this would be stealing. Especially in large gatherings or when on pilgrimage to Makkah as the sin is multiplied by 1,000. It is a sin even though you think someone may have taken yours by mistake and you take someone else’s shoes. Xxvi

May Allah (The Exalted) give us the ability to follow the Sunnah in wearing our shoes and seek blessings from the Nalain of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), Ameen.

i Bukhari ii Bukhari iii Bukhari iv Shamail-e-Tirmidhi v Muslim vi Tirmidhi vii ibid viii Abu Dawood ix Bazzaz x Abu Dawud, Mishkat-ul-Masabih, Fatawa-e-Razawiyya, Vol: 1, p. 9, Jam’i-ul-Hadith, Vol: 3, p. 16 xi Abu Dawud xii Fatawa-e-Razawiyya xiii Ruhul Bayan xiv Nizam-e-Shariah xv Alamgiri xvi Muslim xvii Faizane Sunnat, p. 743 xviii Shamail-e-Tirmidhi xix ibid xx Tirmidhi xxi Abu Dawud xxii Tirmidhi xxiii Abu Dawud xxiv ibid xxv Sunni Behsti Zewar xxvi Faizane Sunnat, p. 744

 

The Beloved Messenger-Gardens of Sunnah Volume 1-Khuffs (Leather Socks)

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CHAPTER THIRTY-SIX

SUNNAH OF KHUFFS (Leather socks)

O Allah (The Exalted) bless them in all of Your Creation and as much as it pleases Yourself, in the decoration of Your Throne, in the ink Your Words and to the extent of Your Knowledge and Signs.

The wearing of leather socks is a Sunnah and very beneficial. If one is on their travels and it is the time for Salaah, it is very convenient just to wipe over them which saves one from placing the feet in the sink and spilling water everywhere making it difficult for others to use. As Muslims we need to portray a good image of Islam and not leave water making a hazard for someone. Even at work it is very good as it saves time instead of washing the feet. One should remember that wiping can only be done on leather socks and not on ordinary socks. Buraydah (may Allah be pleased with him) says that, “Najaashi sent two simple black coloured socks as a gift to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). He wore these and made masah (wipe) over after performing Wudhu.” I

Three days for a traveller ‘Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has permitted travellers for three days and three nights and the residents a day and a night to wipe the Khuffs in Wudhu, provided they are worn in a state of purity.” Ii

Remove them for bath Safwan bin Asaal (may Allah be pleased with him) stated that, “During travel the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would instruct travellers not to remove Khuff’s for three consecutive nights and days, unless a compulsory bath is to be taken.” Iii

Wiping over the khuffs Mugirah bin Shubah (may Allah be pleased with him) stated that, “I have seen the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) wiping over the khuffs while performing the Wudhu.” iv ‘Abd-Allah bin ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, “Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, ‘The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) passed wet hands over his Khuffs.’ ‘Abd-Allah bin ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) asked ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) about it. ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) replied in the affirmative and added, “Whenever Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates a hadith from the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) there is no need to ask anyone else about it.”” v Subhanallah! Ja’’ar bin ‘Amr bin Umaiya Ad-Damri (may Allah be pleased with him) states that my father said, “I saw the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) passing wet hands over his Khuffs.” vi Urwa bin Al-Mughira (may Allah be pleased with him) states that, my father said, “Once I was in the company of on a journey and I dashed to take off his Khuff’s. He ordered me to leave them as he had put them on after performing ablution. So he passed wet hands on them.” vii ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that Shurayh Ibn Hani (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “I came to ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) to ask her about wiping over the socks.” She said, “You better ask ‘Ali Ibn Abu Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) for he would travel with the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). We asked him and he said, “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) stipulated (the upper limit) of three days and three nights for a traveller and one day and one night for the resident.” Viii

Manners of Khuff’s If someone is wearing special socks they would therefore when they perform ablution, do not wash their feet but in fact just wipe their wet fingers over the Khuff then this is allowed. There are a few qualifications for performing Masah (wiping); 1. The Khuff are long enough that the ankles are covered. If they are a few fingers short but the heel is covered, then the Masah is allowed. 2. They are stuck to the feet, so that when wearing them you can walk freely. 3. They are made from leather or at least the sole is made from leather and the rest made from other thick coated material. The socks worn which are made from either cotton or wool cannot be wiped over, it is obligatory to take them off and wash the feet. 4. They must be put on after performing ablution. Meaning if you put them on and had not performed ablution, then you must take them off when you perform ablution. If they are worn after performing Tayammum, then to wipe over them is not allowed. 5. They must not be worn when bathing is obligatory on you, or wear them and then bathing becomes obligatory for you. 6. They must be worn only for a maximum fixed time, and this is for a non-traveller one day and one night (24 hours) and for a traveller three days and three nights (72 hours). From when the first time the ablution breaks the time starts. For example after performing ablution you wear the Khuff and then your ablution breaks at Dhuhr time, the twenty four hours would start from then. i.e. for a non-traveller the next day Dhuhr would be the full time and for a traveller the fourth day Dhuhr. 7. They must not be ripped more than the feet’s three small toes in size or when walking open more than that gap. (a) If the Khuff were ripped or the seam opened but three fingers could not be seen, however, when walking more than three fingers could be seen then the wiping over them is not allowed. Meaning that in a ripped Khuff if more than three fingers can be seen then wiping (Masah) is not allowed otherwise it is. (b) It doesn’t matter much if the Khuff has a ripped part which is over the ankles. The measurement of ripping is from below the ankles.

Method of performing Masah (wiping) over Khuff The method of performing Masah (wiping) over the Khuff is to stretch the right hand and wet three small fingers and from the start of the top of the Khuff from the toes and wipe and it is Sunnat to go upto the shins. Perform the same for the left Khuff.

There are two (Fardh) obligatory aspects in performing Masah over the Khuff; 1. Every Khuff’s Masah must be at least the same size as the three small fingers. 2. The Masah must be on top of the Khuff.

There are three Sunnats in performing Masah; 1. To use the hands three finger’s full length. 2. To stretch the fingers and wipe all the way upto the shins. 3. When performing the Masah keep the fingers stretched apart.

It is not allowed to perform Masah over the Amama (turban), the Burkha and Naqab (veil).

What aspects breaks the Masah over the Khuff The actions that break the Masah (wiping) over the Khuff are as follows; (a) Whatever actions break ablution also breaks the Masah. (b) The Masah will finish as soon as the time has finished. In this situation it is sufficient to just wash the feet rather than perform whole of the ablution again. (c) If you take the Khuff off, then the Masah breaks, whether you may have only taken one off. Ix


i Shamail-e-Tirmidhi ii Dar Qutni iii Tirmidhi & Nisai iv Abu Dawood v Bukhari vi Bukhari vii ibid viii Muslim ix All rules taken from Qanoon-e-Shariat

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