Section 2 – Companions & Awliya

Section Two

The importance of safeguarding our Imaan can be found in the lives of the companions and the pious. We have no doubt been command by Allah (The Exalted) to follow their exalted ways to be successful. Let us try understanding and putting into our lives a leaf from their book.

Hazrat Bilal’s Imam
Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him) was the slave of the notorious Kaafir, Umayya bin Khalf. He was dragged into the market-place with ropes, whipped on his back and had heated boulders placed upon his back while made to lie on the desert sand. Umayya threatened him in his manner and warned him to either renounce Islam or die by these punishments, yet Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him) said nothing but ‘Ahad, Ahad’ (Allah is One, Allah is One) and persistently refused to desert Islam. (Seerat ibn Hishaam. Vol: 1. p. 317-8. Seerat-e Mustafa. p. 43)

First Martyrs in Islam
Ammar bin Yassar (may Allah be pleased with him) was also put on the desert sand while the disbelievers of the Quraish beat him, rendering him unconscious. His mother, Sumaya (may Allah be pleased with her) was struck with a spear below her navel by Abu Jahl and passed away because of this and became the first martyr in Islam, while his father was also killed from their tortures. Suhaib Rumi (may Allah be pleased with him) would become unconscious for hours from the punches he received and was told, “You can migrate to Madinah after leaving your belongings here first.” He happily did so and abandoned the wealth of the world for the wealth of Imaan.  Subhanallah! (Seerat-e Mustafa. p. 43)

More Tourcher
They were made to lie on their backs while boulders heated the sun would be placed on their backs. Hot irons were used to scar them and they used to be forced under water until breathless. Some had smoke inserted in their nostrils while they were wrapped in mats, which suffocated them. Khabbaab (may Allah be pleased with him) accepted Islam in the house of Arqam bin Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) when Muslims were few in number and was relentlessly punished by the Kuffar. They arranged for him to lie unto burning coals whilst one of them stood on his back, extinguishing them with his skin. When he related his incident to ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) during his Khilaafat, raising his clothes to reveal the scars upon his body and his severely damaged skin laden with white spots, the sight of this brought the Khalifaa to tears. (Tabqaat ibn Sa’ad. Vol: 3. Biography of Khabbaab. Seerat-e Mustafa. p. 43)
These are some of the incidents that the companions of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). They gave up Kufar for believing in Allah (The Exalted) they gave up their lives and were punished but did not give up their Imaan.

Ghous and Iman!
Every practise of our pious are without doubt lessons for us, the status and piety of Shaykh ‘Abd al-Qadir Jilani is lofty, however, read and take a lesson from it. In one of his couplets he states: “People are saying, tomorrow is ‘Eid, tomorrow is ‘Eid! And everyone is joyful. However, the day I leave this world protecting my Imaan, for me this will be the day of ‘Eid.” Allahu Akbar! Subhanallah! (Faizan-e-Sunnat. Chapter on ‘Eid-ul-Fitar. p. 1296-7)
He is the leader of the Awliya, the friends of Allah! All this is a lesson for us that we should remain steadfast on worrying about our Imaan and never be headless as by being headless this my slip out of our hands.

Good life and bad end
‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad Muazzin (may Allah be pleased with him) says, ‘I was busy in doing circumambulation of the Ka’ba when I saw a person who was holding onto the cloth of the Ka’ba and kept on making supplication, ‘O Allah! Give me death as a Muslim.’ I asked him, ‘Why don’t you make any other du’a?’ He said. ‘I had two brothers. My eldest brother used to give ‘Adhaan in the Masjid free of charge for a long time. When the time of his death came, he asked for the Qur’aan. We gave him a copy thinking he would gain blessings from it but he held the Qur’aan saying, ‘All of you are witnesses that I no longer follow the rulings of the Qur’aan and I am now a Christian’ and died in that state. My other brother gave ‘Adhaan in the Masjid for 30 years free of charge but he also died in the same state. Therefore, I am worried about my end which is why I keep on doing this du’a.’ ‘Abdullah ibn Ahmad Muazzin (may Allah be pleased with him) asked, ‘What sin did your brothers do that they died in such a state?’ the man replied, ‘They showed interest in women and would make friends with beautiful boys.’ (Rouzul Faa’iq. P. 17. Causes for a bad death. p. 11-12)
We find from this that by committing sin minor/major can lead a person to reject Islam on the death bed, may Allah (The Exalted) save us all from both minor and major sins, Aameen!

Bad end of a Shaykh
It is said that once Sufyan Thawri and Shaybaan Rai (may Allah be pleased with them) were sitting together. Sufyan Thawri (may Allah be pleased with him) continued to cry all night. When Shaybaan Rai (may Allah be pleased with him) asked him the reason for this, he replied, “I am weeping in fear of having a bad end during death. I received education from a Shaykh for 40 years: I also spent 60 years with him in Masjid-ul-Haram while we were in worship. Yet, he died in a state of Kufr. Shaybaan (may Allah be pleased with him) replied, ‘O Sufyan! This was the end of his sins, you should therefore, never disobey Allah (The Exalted). (Sab’e Sanaabil. p. 34. Causes for a bad death. p. 17)

It is stated that when a person is about to leave this world, two devils (Shayateen) come and sit on the right and left hand side. The one on the left adopts the appearance of the person’s father and says, “O son! Look, I am your kind and concerned father. I advise you to accept the religion of Christianity and then die because this is the best religion.” The Shaytan on the left says, “O my beloved child! I kept you in my womb. I fed you milk and cared for you in my lap. O beloved son! I advise you that you should accept Judaism before dying because this is the best religion.” Allah Allah! (Tazkirah by Imam Qurtubi. p. 38. Causes for a bad death. p. 18)

The pious have given us this concern and by reading and gaining knowledge about how they lived their lives we can protect our Imaan.

100 people died at his hands
I remember reading an article about a Muslim Doctor who wrote that approx. 100 people died at his hands and only heard three recited the Shahada (kalima), some died saying ‘milk shake’ singing songs (Allah forbid) etc. may Allah (The Exalted) give us the ability to worry about our Imaan and give us death with Imaan in Madinah, Aameen.

Whichever unlucky person dies in the state of disbelief, the grave will press him to such an extent that the ribs would appear on the opposite side. For the disbelievers, there is even worse torment than this. How will they survive the Day of Judgement of which one day will equal 50,000 years? They will be dragged by their mouths and forced into Hell. When the sinful Muslims are removed from Hell, only the disbelievers will remain. Finally, the disbelievers will be locked in a box which will be full of fire a lock of fire will then be place on this box. This box of fire will then be placed into another box and in between the both, a fire would be lit. Again, another lock of fire would be placed on this. This would then be placed into another box of fire then be bought in the form of a sheep, placed in between Heaven and Hell and be slaughtered. From then on, no-one will ever die. Every person in Heaven will live forever in Heaven and every person will be full of happiness and every person in Hell will live in hell forever. The people in Heaven will be full of happiness and the people in hell will be full of regret. (Bahar-e-Shariat. Part: one. p. 88, 91,93. Causes for a bad death. p. 22-3)

Disunity?
It is unfortunate to see and hear of people who give priority to their families, friends, their country of origin, to please others and their desires under the name of equality or their corrupt thoughts. Imaan is such a gift that it should be protected and nothing should come in its way. However, those who try to stop this and teach people the true teachings of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the Sunnah of the Sahaba and their successor and their successors are so called “causing disunity” in the community Allah forbid. These people do not realise they are walking on very thin ice and due to their lack of knowledge and understanding of Islam will not only destroy their own Imaan but the Imaan of others too. May Allah (The Exalted) protect us from these types of people. It is important to know what the Qur’aan, ahadith, and the actions of the Sahaba etc. are and how they dealt with these issues. Insha-Allah I will deal with this in the next volume.

Disrespecting The Prophet?
Some people are so ignorant that they speak badly about the scholars who are worried about their Imaan, who try to protect them from such people who can steal their Imaan. They worn the public to stay away from such misguided sects because they disrespect Allah (The Exalted), the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), the Awliya etc. clearly rejecting the verses of the Qur’aan and ahadith. Little do these people realise that by saying such things about any scholar or the things they are saying can also throw them out of the folds of Islam. These people are not even aware of what Shaytaan is doing to them. With the motive of protecting one’s Imaan, I present a few points:

Shaykh Ahmad Raza Khan writes in Fatwa-e-Razawiyya: “The scholars of Islam who hold Sunni beliefs and invite the followers towards the truth are the representatives for the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Those who disrespect these representatives are in fact disrespecting the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), this is a way towards the curse of Allah (The Exalted) and untold punishment. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “Don’t take the duty towards three persons lightly: Firstly, he who has become elderly in Islam, secondly, the scholar and thirdly, the upright leader of Muslims.” (Fatwa-e-Razawiyya. Vol: 23. p. 648-9. Naat with Dhikr. p. 13)

“What do the Scholars know”! This statement will count as an insult of the upright scholars if said in an offensive manner and is considered as Kufr. (Fatwa-e-Razawiyya. Vol: 14. p. 244. Naat with Dhikr. p. 13)

The scholars of Islam say: “Rejection of the descendants of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the upright scholars is kufr.” (Majma-ul-Anhaar. Vol: 2. p. 509. Naat with Dhikr. p.14)

If a person insults a scholar because he is a scholar then he becomes a kaafir. If he respects him as a scholar but disrespects him for a worldly reason then he is a sinner. If he holds a grudge without a reason then he has an illness of the heart and contains impurity. He is in danger of committing kufr.
It is written in Khulaasa that, “He who keeps a grudge against the scholars without any reason there is a fear of him becoming a Kaafir.” (Fatwa-e-Razawiyya. Vol: 10. p. 146. Naat with Dhikr. p. 14)

No consideration
People in today’s society utter such words that throw them out of the fold of Islam. The listening to songs and watching films/dramas has a great influence on Kufr. I have heard of so called Muslim youth on Halloween covering their faces with masks and scaring the public and when confronted by the elders of the community to stop this trouble they say we are not Muslim, Allah forbid. I heard a so called Muslim comedian say when I’m on stage I am not a Muslim, not a Christian… This is said without any consideration of safeguarding Imaan or the fact that if one says such things it can throw them out of the folds of Islam.
Off course the ruling of Kufr should be left to the Muftis, however, a person should have enough knowledge to at least abstain from saying things that could be detrimental to their Imaan.

Imaan taking Visa
These days some countries do not issue visas easily to Muslims. Therefore, “Muslim” visa agents advise Muslim applicants (Allah forbid) to show themselves as Qadiani or Christians on the applications. Some people follow this advise. Remember! The agent who gives such advise becomes a Kaafir as soon as he gives this advice, even if his advice is not followed. If the seeker of the visa for work writes that he is a Christian or any non-Muslim, he also becomes a Kaafir and Murtad (a Muslim who leaves the folds of Islam). If he was married, his marriage breaks. If he was a Mureed, his bay’at to his Shaykh breaks. All his good deeds such as Salaah, fast, donations, Hajj/‘Umrah are nullified. There is no point in consoling oneself that I have been unemployed for ages, I have the responsibility of getting my sisters married, I am desperate, it was not my intention to leave Islam, I only declared myself to be a Kaafir for the purpose of obtaining a visa, I am a true Muslim, one does not become a Kaafir after by false declarations etc. Remember! Even if someone jokingly says or writes that he is a Kaafir after a hundred years, becomes one immediately. If someone dies a kaafir he will stay in the fire of Hell forever and will continue being punished.

Proud of Sin
To think of a sin as lawful or insignificant is close to Kufr. A sin should be thought as a sin and should accept that it is a sin. To do small sins opens the door to major sins hence one should abstain from any types of sin.

Iman or Kufr?
A Fatwa (ruling) was asked regarding: A person once bought a non-believer wanting to revert to Islam to an Imam/Mufti. The Imam/Mufti said I will make her a Muslimah after Jumu’ah Salaah. There was a lot of time left to the extent the Imam after waiting for a while offered the Sunnats, lectured for half an hour and performed the sermon (Khutbah). The person had instructed the non-believer to have a bath and asked the Imam to make her a Muslimah so she can offer the Salaah. However, the Imam said after becoming a Muslimah it is obligatory (Fardh) to have a bath hence it will be better after Jumu’ah.

Fatwa-e-Mustaffawiyya
Mufti Aazam-e-Hind, Shaykh Muhammad Mustafa Raza Khan’s (may Allah be pleased with him) reply is summarised: The person who bought the non-believer and the Imam/Mufti must make repentance, declare the Shahadah, and repeat their marriage as when the non-believer asked to become a Muslimah it was necessary for the person to make her a Muslimah. If the person was not capable of explaining everything he should have at least recited the Shahadah (Kalima) and with her repeating it. He could have made her declare the oneness of Allah (The Exalted) and believe in the Messengership of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and then taken her to the Imam/Mufti who would have gone through it in detail. The time the person made her perform bath then taking her to the Imam/Mufti is being pleased with her kufr. When she reached the Imam/Mufti it was obligatory for him to make her a Muslimah, however, the Imam/Mufti delayed for no reason and even if it was the time for Salaah he could have delayed it as this was important. Also it is not wajib for a new Muslim to bath anyway unless it becomes Fardh and if it was necessary (wajib) then there is different narrations. To say bathing is Fardh after accepting Islam is astonishing.

Respected brother/sister! You see in this incident that to be pleased with kufr is also kufr. The fact of the matter is that we should be very careful and fearful protecting our Iman.

Die with Imaan!
Shaykh ul Islam Allama ibn Hajar Makki (may Allah be pleased with him) writes: Junaid Baghdadi (may Allah be pleased with him) said, ‘Whoever attends a Milaad gathering with full respect, his Imaan will remain safe.’ Insha-Allah! (An’naima tul Kubra. p. 24. Enlightened Morning. p. 8)

Value of Imaan
In this Ummah, there will also be such a person, whose ninety nine journals will be of sins and each journal will be as far as the eye can see. All these books will be opened and Allah (The Exalted) will ask him if he has any complaint about any of the deeds that have been presented. Allah (The Exalted) will ask if Kiraaman Kaatibeen (Angels who write our deeds) are justified in what they wrote. He will answer by saying that all that has been written is the truth. Allah (The Exalted) will ask if he has any excuse and he will say that he does not have excuse for his sins. Allah (The Exalted) will say, ‘Your one good deed is present with Us. Today, you will not be treated unjustly.’ A piece of paper will be presented on which will be written ‘Ash Hadu Al Laa ilaaha ilal laah wa Ash Hadu An’na Muhammadan ‘Abduhoo Wa Rasooluhu’ and Allah (The Exalted) will command for it to be weighed. He will say that this one piece of paper is nothing compared to all his bad deeds and Allah (The Exalted) will again tell him that he will not be treated unjustly. Then, all his journals of bad deeds will be placed on one end of the scale and the piece of paper will be placed on the other end of the scale. That piece of paper will weigh more than all his journals of bad deeds. There is no limit to the Mercy of Allah (The Exalted). Through His Mercy, little things may become vast.

How to become Muslim again
The Scholars have said that a person ought to regularly renew their faith and marriage (Nikah). If a person has certainly uttered words of disbelief (Kufr) it is obligatory (Fardh) or else desirable (Mustahab). The way to do so is to say “O Allah the word/s or action of disbelief that I have uttered or the action (mention it) I am ashamed and I make sincere repentance ‘Ash-Hadu Allah Ilaha Illallahu Wa Ash-Hadu Anna Muhammadan ‘Abduhu Wa Rasooluh’ (I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, He who is One and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) is His servant and Messenger.) If you are married then in the presence of two Muslim Males or one Muslim Male and two Muslim females renew the marriage (Nikah) with Mahar. There is no need for the marriage be done by a Scholar, one can just say ‘I have done marriage (Nikah) with you’ and she will say ‘I accept.’ If a person has not lost their faith (Imaan) certainly then it is better to repent daily and renew your faith as follows ‘O Allah if I have uttered a word/s or the action of disbelief I repent then say the Shahadah (Kalima) and perform marriage regularly too.

Du’a to safeguard oneself from disbelief and poverty

O Allah! I seek refuge in You from disbelief and poverty. (Nasai)

Here poverty means when one would resort to stealing, fraud, lying and other sins to earn a living.

Safeguarding from disbelief
There is no sin greater than disbelief and associating partners with Allah (Kufr and Shirk). A believer should ask Allah (The Exalted) for the protection of Imaan as in the hadith it states that Shaytaan flows in a person’s body like blood. A person should not rely upon himself nor on our deeds but at all times rely on Allah (The Exalted). We should try to recite this three times daily:

O Allah! I seek in You from knowingly joining partners with You. I seek Your forgiveness from that which I do know. I repent from ignorance. I free myself from disbelief and from joining partners with You and (I free myself from) all sins. I submit to Your will. I believe and declare: There is none worthy of worship besides Allah, Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) is the Messenger of Allah.

Repentance from disbelief
If a person who has come out of the folds of Islam repents, the repentance will be accepted, however, if a person disrespects the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) such a person’s repentance is no use, the meaning of accepting repentance is that after repentance the king of the Islamic state will not give a death sentence. (Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 211)

 

Rules and regulations

Rule: Ones’ physical practices are not included in the actual Imaan. There are, however, certain actions which when done will cause a person to become a kaafir. Examples of these actions are: to make prostration to the sun or the moon, to kill a Prophet, to say blasphemy against a Prophet, to insult the Ka’ba or the Qur’aan, or to look at any Sunnah in a bad way. All these are without doubt Kufr. In the same way, there are certain practices which are signs of kufr, such as wearing a cross as the Christians do to signify Jesus (upon whom be peace) was crucified on the cross, Allah forbid, Zannaar (a thread worn by Hindus), growing a choti (bunch of hair grown on the back of head by hindus), or applying the qashqa (the mark made on the foreheads by Hindus indicating their conviction as Hindus). The Great Jurists have labelled one who does these actions as a Kaafir. Now, that these actions show kufr, then the person who has done them will have to read the Shahadah (Kalima) again and if married repeat the marriage (Nikah) again.

Rule: To call something haraam which is prove to be halaal from the Qur’aan and vice versa is Kufr, on condition that this command is from the necessities of religion and the one who is rejecting it is well aware of the command.

Rule: In the principle beliefs (Usool e Aqaaid), one is not allowed to make Taqleed (to have difference of opinion like the four Imams have on issues of practice such as Salaah, Sawm etc). To make taqleed in certain practical aspects of religion is allowed. It is for this reason that there are two basic branches in the Ahle Sunnah. One is the “Maatureediya” in other words those that prescribe to the school of thought of Shaykh Abu Mansoor Maatureedi (may Allah be pleased with him) and “Ash’a’ira, who prescribe to the school of though of Imam Abul Hassan Ash’ari (may Allah be pleased with him). Both these branches are proper branches of the Ahle Sunnah Wal Jamaat. Both are on the true path. They do not differ in principle beliefs Aqida. Their differences are in certain practical issues (such as Salaah, Wudhu etc. and how these practices should be performed). Their differences are like that of Hanafi and Shafi’i etc. Both are on righteousness and one can not contradict one another.

Rule: There is no increasing or decreasing in Imaan. Only that which has form, shape, height, width and length can be increased or lessened and Imaan is pure of all these. Imaan is declaration and a declaration is a condition of submission. In certain verses of the Qur’aan Allah (The Exalted) has mentioned enhanced Imaan. This refers to faith with true conviction in Imaan (It does not mean that the value of Imaan is more. It however does signify the strength of Imaan). In the time of the revelation of the Qur’aan, there was no limit fixed for this. As the verses of the Qur’aan were revealed, people brought Imaan on the commands which were revealed. It is not such that the reality of Imaan increased or decreased. However, there is difference in the strength and weakness of Imaan of every individual (in other words the Imaan of some is stronger or weaker than of others, meaning one has stronger or weaker faith than another). For example, the Imaan of Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) is stronger than the Imaan of the rest of the Ummahs’ Imaan put together. Subhanallah!

Aqida: There is no relationship between belief and unbelief. A person will either be a Muslim or a Kaafir. There is no third, that a person is neither a Muslim nor a Kaafir.

Aqida: Shirk means to make any than Allah worthy of worship and to accept more than one Allah being in existence. This is the worst form of kufr that one can commit. With the exception of this, any other Kufr, no matter how bad will not amount to Shirk. The command in the Qur’aan that no shirk will be forgiven refers to all types of shirk and kufr. However, Allah (The Exalted) may forgive any other sins that he wills too (except kufr and shirk).

Aqida: One who commits major sin is still a Muslim and will not be deprived of paradise. This will be through the Grace of Allah (The Exalted) and the intercession of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), or after getting some punishment for some of the deeds.

Rule: Any person who makes supplication (du’a) for a kaafir after death, or refers to a dead Murtad (one who turns away from Islam) as ‘Marhoom’ or ‘Maghfoor’ or addresses a dead Hindu as a heavenly soul is a kaafir.

Aqida: To call a Muslim a Muslim and a Kaafir a Kaafir is from the necessities of religion. To doubt the Kufr of any person who openly made kufr also causes one to become a kaafir. The law of Shariah is passed on that which is apparent and not that which is not known, for example if a Jew dies, then we will regard him as kaafir and will treat him as he should be treated after his death (not make du’a for him etc.). If a Muslim dies and he did not openly reject any necessities of religion, then we will treat him as a Muslim even after his death. There are those who say that we in the time we spend calling someone a kaafir, we should rather chant the name of Allah (The Exalted). Let us inform them that where have they seen us continuously chanting the words Kaafir, Kaafir. What we are saying, is that a kaafir must be called a Kaafir and a Muslim must be called a Muslim. They should not use their “Sulah Qul” (compromising) tactics to put a veil over the kufr of any person.

Rule: Some believe and think if a person has one thing in them towards Islam they will not call them a disbeliever. The scholars in fact say if a person that has said or done something that has meanings towards Islam then such a person will not be called a disbeliever. Do the Christian s and Jews not have anything in them that is accepted in Islam but the Qur’aan has called them disbelievers. Some say a disbeliever should not be called a disbeliever as one does not know how the person will die which is totally incorrect. Would such people then say a Muslim should not be called a Muslim as no one knows how such a person die? If you don’t call a disbeliever disbelievers then what will one call them, there are rules that are specifically for Muslims and not for disbelievers such as the funeral prayer, make repentance for them, not to bury them with the Muslims etc.

Rule: A person utters words that please and suits themselves creating frictions in the household and community. The best way of getting rid of these is the follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah as all the problems in this world and the hereafter will be solved and there will be harmony. When such people do not follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah one must stay steadfast on the Qur’aan and Sunnah hence leave the company of such people do not meet with them. Do not greet them nor talk with them, do not sit with them nor eat and do not marry with them. Basically break your ties with them and think they do not exist.

Rule: If a person accepts another religion such a person will only be accepted a Muslim when the other religion is opposed as by declaring the Shahadah will not suffice. If a necessity of the religion was rejected such as Salaah or Fasting then such a person has to say that I believe in these or in the case of drinking alcohol or eating pig then he has to say I believe them as unlawful until one dose this the acceptance of faith is rejected. (Durr-e-Mukhtar and Raddul Mohtar.)

Rule: If a person who came out of the folds of Islam had some acts of worship that were missed when one was a Muslim then became a disbeliever, these worships be made up when become a Muslim again. Those worships that have been performed are of no good due to being a disbeliever do not have to be made up. Hajj will become Fardh when one fulfils the conditions of Hajj. (ibid)

Rule: If the Kufr is clear then marriage will become void and after becoming a Muslim if the woman is happy to marry him again this can be done. If she wants to marry someone else she can do so. (ibid)

Rule: A woman learns that her husband has disbelieved, she can remarry after the iddah which is the waiting period after separation. The news of her husband becoming a disbeliever should be received by two males, a male and two females or even one pious person. (ibid)

Rule: If a woman disbelieves then accepted Islam she will have to marry her now former husband she can’t marry someone else. (ibid)

Rule: The marriage of a disbeliever is void and can’t marry any woman of any religion. (ibid)

Rule: The sacrificial animal of a disbeliever is void even if Allah’s name was mentioned. (ibid)

Rule: To say a word/s of Kufr as if there is nothing wrong with it is Kufr. (Sharah Fiqh Akbar. p. 257. Fiqh Akbar. p. 270. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. p. 573. Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 276)

Rule: If someone says a word/s of Kufr in a joke such a person will be a disbeliever. (Sharah Fiqh Akbar. p. 270. Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 276. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 202 & 208. Fathul Qadeer. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 459)