- One sajdah sahw is enough, to correct one or more missed waajibat in the namaz
- It only corrects the namaz, if waajibs are missed accidently. Ones prayer must be repeated if a waajib act was missed intentionally
- Although one should not miss the sunnah of prayers, there is no sajdah sahw for missed sunnah actions
- The method of performing sajdah sahw is in the final rakaat of the namaz, after praying Tashahhud – perform salaam to the right and then do two sajdahs, when back in the qaaidah akheera position… pray tashahhud again, durood Ibrahim and dua after durood, then finish the namaz as normal, with 2 salams.
Sajdah-e-Sahw would be necessary if the following happened:
- If in the first Qaidah after Attahiyat and before standing for the third Rakat there is a delay as long as it takes to pray ‘Allahumma Salle Alaa Muhammad’ then Sajdah-e-Sahw would become Wajib, whether you pray it or not, in both situations Sajdah-e-Sahw would become Wajib [Durr-eMukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- If in Qiraa’at etc, at any time you start thinking and there is a gap long enough for someone to say ‘Subhanallah’ three times, then it would be Wajib to perform Sajdah-e-Sahw [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
- If you think that the first Qaidah is the last Qaidah in a four Rakat Namaz and you perform Salaam and then remember and stand back up and complete the Namaz, you must perform Sajdah-e-Sahw [Alamgiri]. If you forgot to pause between actions then Sajdah-e-Sahw is Wajib [Hindiya].
- If a Muqtadee had not completed his ‘Attahiyat’ and the Imam stood up for the third Rakat, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to complete his Attahiyat, regardless of whether it causes delay.
- If the Muqtadee had not prayed the Tasbeeh in a Rukoo or Sajdah three times and the Imam finished it and stood up, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to stand up and not finish the rest of the Tasbeeh and follow the Imaam
- If a person forgot to perform the first Qaidah and had only started standing up then he should sit back down and pray Attahiyat and the Namaz would be correct, a Sajdah-e-Sahw would not be necessary. If however, he stood up and was close to completely standing, then he should stand up and continue with his Namaz and then finally perform Sajdah-e-Sahw to make up for the missed qaaidah
- If you forgot to perform the last Qaidah and had not yet performed a Sajdah for the extra Rakat then you should sit back down straight away and perform Sajdah-e-Sahw. If however, you had performed a Sajdah for the extra Rakat, then except for Maghrib, you can join another Rakat and they would all count as Nafl, because your Farz Namaz would not count and therefore you would have to pray the Farz Namaz again
- If in the last Qaidah you prayed Tasahhud and then stood back up, you should sit straight back down and as long as you have not performed a Sajdah for the extra Rakat, perform Sajdah-e-Sahw and complete the Namaz. If however, you had performed a Sajdah in the extra Rakat, your Farz Namaz would still count but you should join another Rakat and then finally perform Sajdah-e-Sahw and the last two Rakats would count as Nafl, but do not join another Rakat for Maghrib Namaz
- If in one Rakat you performed three Sijdahs or two Rukoos or forgot the first Qaidah then perform Sajdah-e-Sahw.
- Order of sequence is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah meaning, whichever is due first should be done first and whichever is due next should be done next and if this is done in the wrong order, then the Namaz will not count, for example, if someone performed Sijdah before Rukoo then their Namaz will not count, however, if they performed the Sijdah again after the Rukoo meaning they rectified the order of sequence again then their Namaz will count. In the same way if they perform Rukoo before Qayam and they stand back in Qayam and then perform another Rukoo, their Namaz will count.
- If you forgot to pray Dua-e-Qunoot or forgot to perform the Takbeer-eQunoot then perform Sajdah-e-Sahw. Takbeer-e-Qunoot means the Takbeer that is said in the third Rakat after Qiraat in the witr of Isha Namaz.