Lesson Two



The times of the obligatory prayers

Prayer Beginning Time Ending Time
Fajr True dawn: (is the whiteness that appears from the east and spreads throughout the horizon) Sunrise
Zohr Midday…After Zawwal (when the sun begins to descend) When Asr time begins
Asr When the shadow reaches twice the length of an object its original shadow of noon Sunset
Maghrib After sunset When Isha time begins
Isha When the astronomical twilight disappears (disappearance of whiteness in the sky)

In the summer months- (disappearance of redness in the sky)

The beginning of Fajr time


The rakaats to be prayed for each prayer

  No of rakats Sunnah (M/GM) Fardh Sunnah (M/GM) Nafl Witr waajib Nafl
Fajr 4 2 (M) 2        
Zohr 12 4(M) 4 2(M) 2    
Asr 8 4(GM 4        
Maghrib 7   3 2(M) 2    
Isha 17 4(GM) 4 2(M) 2 3 2


M: muakidah GM: Ghair Muakidah

Prohibitively disliked times for all prayers

  1. 20 mins after sunrise
  2. midday ( zawwal)
  3. 20 mins before sunset (the exception is the current Asr Prayer, if someone hasn’t prayed their Asr namaz yet and the time has gone into the last 20mins before maghrib, they have to pray within the prohibitively disliked time, but leaving it till this long without any valid Islamic shar’i reason is extremely disliked and sinful).

Disliked times for Nafl Prayers

  1. during the time of the Khutba (on Jum’aa day/ eid day)
  2. before the fajr prayer
  3. after the Fajr prayer until 20 mins after sunrise
  4. after asr prayer until Maghrib time

Note: make up prayers ( qaza) are not disliked in points 2-4 above, only disliked during a formal Khutba ( on Jum’aa day/ eid day).


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