Beliefs in Prophets

Chapter Two

 

BELIEFS CONCERNING NABUWWAT (PROPHETHOOD)

 

Just as it is of utmost importance for a person to know what is proper to accept or not to accept when it comes to belief in Allah (The Exalted), so that he does not reject any necessity or accept anything that is absolutely impossible and become a Kaafir, it is also of utmost importance to know what is permissible, compulsory and absolutely impossible for a Nabi, since to accept a Muhaal (that which is absolutely impossible) and to reject what is compulsory is the means to infidelity. It is very possible that due to lack of knowledge, that a person may hold a improper belief or say something which is contrary to the proper belief and this can cause his destruction.

 

  1. 1 Belief: A Nabi refers to that human, on whom Allah (The Exalted) sent down revelation for the purpose of guidance. Rasool is not only specific to humans, as there are Angels as well who are Rasools.
  1. 2 Belief: All Nabis were human and men. Neither has any Jin or woman been a Nabi.
  1. 3 Belief: It is not compulsory upon Allah (The Exalted) to send Prophets. Through His Grace, He sent down Prophets for the guidance of the people.
  1. 4 Belief: It is necessary for revelation to descend upon a Nabi, be it through an Angel or without any means.
  1. 5 Belief: Allah (The Exalted) revealed various scriptures (sahifas) and Heavenly Books upon various Nabis. From amongst them, four are very famous: The Taurat was revealed to Nabi Moosa (upon whom be peace), The Zuboor to Nabi Dawood (upon whom be peace), The Injeel to Nabi Esa (upon whom be peace) and the Most Exalted Book, The Qur’aan was revealed upon the Most Exalted Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). In the Book of Allah (The Exalted), for part of it to be more exalted than the other parts, is in the sense of more reward attained for us, otherwise, Allah (The Exalted) is One and His Word is One. There is no space for more or less exalted in His word as it is Qadeem. It is not so that certain parts of His word are more exalted while others are less exalted.
  1. 6 Belief: All the Heavenly books and scriptures are true and all are the word of Allah (The Exalted). It is necessary to bring Imaan in that which has been mentioned in all of them. It, however, happened that Allah (The Exalted) gave the books of the past in the care of the people. They could not protect it. It did not remain with them in the original form, as it had been revealed, because the mischievous ones amongst them made alterations in these books and added and removed information to suit their own desires. However, the Qur’aan remains safe, unaltered. Thus, if anything from these books are presented before us and it is in accordance with the Qur’aan, we should acknowledge it and if it is contrary to the Qur’aan, we shall know for certain that it is one of those things that were altered and if we can not recognise whether it is in accordance with the Qur’aan or contrary, we should neither reject nor acknowledge it, but we should say, “We bring faith in Allah (The Exalted), in all His Angels, all His Books and All His Prophets.
  1. 7 Belief: As this religion (Islam) is to remain forever, Allah (The Exalted) has taken upon Himself the responsibility of protecting the Qur’aan. Allah (The Exalted) says, “Verily We have revealed the Qur’aan and verily We are definitely its protector.” Thus, to make any alterations in the Qur’aan in any way is totally impossible, even if the people of the entire world gather together with the intention of altering it, thus anyone who says that any chapters, verses, surahs, or even letters have been added or subtracted from it, is a Kaafir without any doubt, for he has refuted the verse of the Qur’aan which we have quoted above.
  1. 8 Belief: The Qur’aan announces that it is the Word of Allah (The Exalted). “If you have any doubt in this Book which we have revealed upon our most chosen servant, (Muhammad may Allah bless him and grant him peace) then present a small surah like it and call all your helpers except Allah (The Exalted) to assist you, if you are true. And if you can not do so and We say that you shall never be able to do so, then fear that fire whose fuel is man and stone, which has been prepared for the unbelievers.” The Kaafirs tried very hard to do this, but they could not even bring one sentence equal to that of the Qur’aan and they shall never be able to do so.
  1. 9 Belief: The past books were only memorised by the Prophets. The miracle of the Qur’aan is that even little children amongst the Muslims have memorised it.
  1. 10 Belief: There are seven methods of reading the Qur’aan that are most well known and uninterrupted. There is no difference in meaning when reading any one of the seven methods. One should read that method which is most convenient for him. The command is that the method that is most prominent in an area should be the method that one should recite in the gathering of the people, like in India (and various other countries) the Qirat of Imam Aasim on the authority of Imam Hafs is recited, so that people do not reject any method and commit kufr (infidelity) by rejecting another method which they have no knowledge of.
  1. 11 Belief: The Qur’aan has made various verses of the other books inapplicable. Likewise, some verses of the Qur’aan make other verses of the Qur’aan inapplicable (Mansookh).
  1. 12 Belief: To become inapplicable means that certain verses are revealed for a certain period and it is not clearly mentioned until when these verses did apply. When later verses were revealed, it was understood that earlier verses were no longer applicable. The reality is that it shows the duration of the law coming to an end.

Some people say Mansookh (inapplicable) to mean nullified. This is completely improper. All the commands of Allah (The Exalted) are true. There is no room for nullification in the commands of Allah (The Exalted).

  1. 13 Belief: Some of the things in the Qur’aan are clear and well understood by us, where as there are other things in the Qur’aan which are not so clear to us and only known by Allah (The Exalted) and His Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). To search for such things in the Qur’aan which are not clearly understood and to try to interpret them is only the behaviour of a person who has evil in the heart.
  1. 14 Belief: The revelation (Wahi) of Prophethood is only unique to Nabis. One who accepts this for any non Nabi is a Kaafir. That which is shown to a Nabi in his dream is also revelation and it can never be false. Some things are made apparent to Walis (saints) either in their dream, or whilst they are awake. This is known as Ilhaam. The Shaitaani revelation is that which is the whispering of Shaytaan. This is for soothsayers, conjurers and other Kaafirs and open sinners.
  1. 15 Belief: Prophethood is not something that one can attain through striving or through worship. This is something that is bestowed by Allah (The Exalted), that through His Grace, He has bestowed it upon whom He Wills. Verily, He has given it to those, whom He has made worthy of this position, who are pure from all undesirable qualities and with the most exalted character and has passed through the various levels of closeness and whose, body, words, actions and movements are pure from all that which is disliked. They are blessed with the most perfect intelligence, which is very much more powerful than the intelligence of others. The intelligence of any wise doctor or philosopher can not even come close to one hundred thousandth of their intelligence. One who accepts that Prophethood is attainable through striving and worship is a Kaafir.
  1. 16 Belief: It is compulsory for a Nabi to be “Maasoom” (absolutely free from the ability to sin) and this is a unique quality of Nabis and Angels only. With the exception of a Nabi and Angel, none other is Maasoom (free from the ability to sin). To say the Imams to be Maasoom like the Nabis, is to be mislead and irreligious. Ismat‑e‑Prophets means that the Prophets have been promised protection by Allah (The Exalted), for which reason, it is totally impossible for them to sin and this is different for the Great Imams and the Awliyah Allah (The Exalted). Allah (The Exalted) protects and they do not sin, but according to the Shariah it is not Muhaal for it to happen. It is improper to say that a child is Maasoom as the even though a child does not sin as a child, but the child definitely has the ability to sin.
  1. 17 Belief: It is unanimously agreed that the Nabis are pure from anything which is dishonourable behaviour or qualities, such as Shirk (associating partners with Allah (The Exalted)), Kufr (infidelity), lies, dishonesty, and ignorance etc. before attaining Prophethood and even after attaining Prophethood. They are pure from major and minor sins even before Prophethood is bestowed upon them, thus Maasoom.
  1. 18 Belief: The Nabis have passed on all the commands to the people which Allah (The Exalted) revealed upon them for the people. Anyone who says that any Nabi did not pass down all Allah (The Exalted)’s commands due to fear (Taqiyya) or any other reason is a Kaafir.
  1. 19 Belief: It is absolutely impossible for Nabis to make mistakes and errors in propagating the commands of Allah (The Exalted).
  1. 20 Belief: It is necessary for their bodies to be free from leprosy and all other sicknesses that are hated by the people.

There are those who use derogatory terms when explaining the history of certain Prophets. An example of this is the incidents about Nabi Ayoob (upon whom be peace). I have often heard and read people say and write that (Allah Forbid) when Nabi Ayoob (upon whom be peace) was ill, his body had a bad smell which drove people away from him etc. To say this totally improper and is not a true account of the incident which occurred. Such words can never be used when discussing the Prophets of Allah (The Exalted).

  1. 21 Belief: Allah (The Exalted) has bestowed the knowledge of the unseen upon the Prophets. Every particle in the skies and earths is in the sight of every Nabi. This knowledge of the unseen which the Nabis possess is that which has been bestowed upon them by Allah (The Exalted), thus their knowledge is known as Ilm‑e‑Ataayi (that knowledge which has been bestowed) and Ilm‑e‑Ataayi is impossible (Muhaal) for Allah (The Exalted), for none of His attributes or splendours are given to Him by any. They are all of His Self. Those who reject knowledge of the unseen for Nabis especially the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), they are rejecting the verse of the Qur’aan where Allah (The Exalted) say, “They accept some words of the Qur’aan and make infidelity with other verses” They only look at certain verses and they reject the verses in which it is explained that the Prophets are given knowledge of the unseen, whereas all the verses about Ilm‑e‑Ghaib (unseen knowledge) are true. Since the verses which say that Allah (The Exalted) alone has knowledge of the unseen refers to Ilm‑e‑Zaati (that which is unattained) and the verses which explain ilm‑e‑ghaib for the Prophets is referring to Ilm‑e‑Ataayi (that which is bestowed upon them). To say that by accepting that the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is aware of every particle is equating his knowledge to that of Allah (The Exalted), is a totally baseless argument, since only then will it be equal, if we say that the Prophet has the same knowledge as Allah (The Exalted).

This is not so, since Allah (The Exalted)’s knowledge is self‑knowledge and the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is that which Allah (The Exalted) bestowed upon him. The difference has already been shown. None will say that the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) knowledge is equal to Allah (The Exalted) in this way, except one who is a Kaafir. Everything in the universe is that which will be terminated and the Knowledge of Allah (The Exalted) can never be destroyed, as this would show ignorance which is absolutely impossible, as Allah (The Exalted) is free from ignorance. After being explained the difference between Zaati and Ataayi, if one still makes the accusation of equality, this is totally contrary to Imaan and Islam. To believe that in the presence of this difference there will be equality, would mean equality in compulsory existence (like that of Allah (The Exalted)), that the possibility is present and the necessity is also present and to say equal in existence is open shirk and open kufr.

The Prophets come to earth to inform us of the unseen. If Paradise, Hell, Day of Judgement, punishment and reward are not unseen, what are they? (All this has been mentioned to us by the Prophets). Their position is such that they inform us of that which the mind and thought can not even reach or interpret, it is this, which is called ghaib. The Awliyah Allah (The Exalted) also possesses knowledge of the unseen, but this too, they attain through the blessing of the Prophets.

  1. 22 Belief: The Prophets are more superior than all the creation including the Angels that are Rasools (Messengers). No matter how exalted a Wali may be, he can never be equal to a Nabi. Any person who says any non Nabi to be more superior or even equal to any Nabi is a Kaafir.
  1. 23 Belief: To respect a Nabi is “Farz‑e‑Ain” (meaning that it is fard upon every individual personally). In actuality it is the reality of all Fard. The slightest disrespect or falsification of the word of any Nabi is Kufr.
  1. 24 Belief: From Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace) upto our Nabi (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) Allah (The Exalted) sent various Nabis. Some of them are very clearly mentioned in the Qur’aan whilst others are not. Those names of those Nabis which are clearly mentioned in the Qur’aan are: Nabi Adam, Nabi Nooh, Nabi Ibraheem, Nabi Ismaeel,  Nabi Ishaaq,  Nabi Yacoob,  Nabi Yusuf,  Nabi Moosa,  Nabi Haroon,  Nabi Shuaib,  Nabi Lut,  Nabi Hood,  Nabi Dawood,  Nabi Sulaiman, Nabi Ayoob, Nabi Zakariyah, Nabi Yahya,  Nabi Esa, Nabi Ilyaas, Nabi  Al Yas’a, Nabi Yunus, Nabi Idrees, Nabi Zul Kifl, Nabi Saaleh (upon them all be peace) and the leader of the Prophets, Muhammad Mustafa (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
  1. 25 Belief: Allah (The Exalted) created Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace) from sand, without a mother or father and appointed him as his Khalifa (Representative). Allah (The Exalted) blessed him with the knowledge of the names of everything. Allah (The Exalted) commanded the Angels to prostrate to him. All obeyed the command except shaytaan (who was from the fraternity of Jins and was a great worshipper and was thus counted amongst the Angels). He refused and became cursed forever.
  1. 26 Belief: Man did not exist before the creation of Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace). All humans are the offspring of Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace). It is for this reason that humans are called “Adami”, in other words “The Children of Adam” and Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace) is known as “Abul Bashr” meaning the Father of all humans.
  1. 27 Belief: The first Prophet on earth was Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace) and the first Rasool (Messenger) that was sent towards the unbelievers was Nabi Nooh (upon whom be peace). He gave guidance for nine hundred and fifty years. The unbelievers in his time were very staunch and hard. They caused him much discomfort and mocked him. In so many years, only a few people accepted Islam. When he saw that the rest of them were stubborn and refused to accept the true faith, he requested Allah (The Exalted) to destroy them. A huge flood came and the entire earth drowned under water. Only all the believers and a pair of all animals that were taken into the Ark he built were saved.
  1. 28 Belief: To allocate an actual figure for the number of Prophets is not allowed; since there are various narrations on this issue. To allocate a set figure could cause one to bring faith in one less Nabi or to make a non Nabi a Nabi and both these are kufr. We should thus have this belief, that we bring faith in all the Nabis of Allah (The Exalted).
  1. 29 Belief: The Nabis have different levels. Some have been given excellence over others and the most exalted of all is our beloved Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). After the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) the greatest status is of Nabi Ibraheem (upon whom be peace), then Nabi Moosa (upon whom be peace), then Nabi Esa (upon whom be peace) and then Nabi Nooh (upon whom be peace). These Prophets are known as “Mursaleen ulul Uzm.” These five Nabis are greater than all other Prophets, humans, Angels, Jins and all the creation. Without comparison, just as the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the greatest amongst all the Prophets, through the blessing of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), the Ummah of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the greatest Ummah of all Ummahs.
  1. 30 Belief: All the Prophets have been blessed with a very exalted status in the Court of Allah (The Exalted). To call them (Allah forbid) to be like cobblers in the court of Allah (The Exalted) is open blasphemy (Gustaakhi) and words of Kufr.
  1. 31 Belief: One of the evidence of a Nabi’s claim of Prophethood is that he makes the true claim of Prophethood and takes the responsibility of performing actions which are generally impossible for any person and he calls those who do not believe towards this. Allah (The Exalted) allows that which he wishes to do to come into existence and all the unbelievers are left speechless. This is called a Mu’jiza, like the camel of Nabi Saaleh (upon whom be peace), the staff of Nabi Moosa (upon whom be peace) and his brightly shining hand, Nabi Esa (upon whom be peace) bringing the dead back to life, curing the leper and those born blind and the miracles of our Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) are numerous.
  1. 32 Belief: Any person who claims to be a Nabi and tries to show some sign trying to convince people that he is a Nabi, can not come true as this will confuse right from wrong.

Beneficial note: Those miracles which a Nabi performs before Prophethood and are called “Irhaas”. That miraculous action which a Wali performs is known as Karaamat. Those miracles which ordinary believers cause to occur is called “Ma’oonat” and those so‑called miracles which are performed by open sinners and kaafirs are called “Istidraaj.”

  1. 33 Belief: The Nabis are alive in their graves like they were alive on earth. They eat, drink and come and go as they wish. To fulfil the promise of Allah (The Exalted) ‘Every soul shall taste death’, they tasted death for a moment and were then given life again. Their lives are much more exalted than that of the martyrs. In this sense, the belongings of the martyrs can be distributed and their wives can remarry afterwards, but this is not so when it comes to the Prophets.

Up to this juncture, all the Prophets are equal in whatever beliefs have been discussed relating to Prophets. Now there are certain aspects that are uniquely attributed to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).

  1. 34 Belief: All the other Prophets (upon them be peace) were sent to a specific nation, but the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was sent to all mankind, jinns, Angels, animals and the entire creation. Just as it is obligatory (Fard) upon the humans to respect the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), it is obligatory upon the entire creation to respect the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
  1. 35 Belief: The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is Mercy unto, the humans, Angels, Jinns, Hoors (maidens of paradise), Ghilman (servants of Jannah), animals and all the creation of Allah (The Exalted) and he is most merciful upon the Muslims.
  1. 36 Belief: The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is Khaatimun Nabiyyeen meaning that he is the Final Prophet of Allah (The Exalted). Allah (The Exalted) has closed the doors of Prophethood after the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). No new Nabi can now come either in the era of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or after this. Anyone who accepts that a new Nabi could come in the time of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or after his time, or one who even thinks this to be possible is a Kaafir.
  1. 37 Belief: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the greatest and most exalted of all Allah (The Exalted)’s creation. All splendours have been gathered in the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). He has been given all that which others may have individually and even those splendours that none other has or will have. All those that have received any splendours, have received it through the blessing of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), but they have actually received it through the blessed hands of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and in reality all splendours have been only recognised as splendours, because they are the qualities of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Through the Grace of Allah (The Exalted), the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is totally perfect in his being. The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) being perfect is not due to any quality or attribute, but the splendour of the quality is that it is connected to the most perfect (Muhammad may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It is for this reason that it became splendid and complete, to such an extent, that in whomsoever these splendours are found in, it makes him a splendid person.
  1. 38 Belief: It is absolutely impossible for anyone to be like the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Anyone who shows anyone to be equal to any of the Messenger of Allah’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) unique attributes in any way, is a mislead person or a Kaafir.
  1. 39 Belief: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) has been blessed with the closest station in the Court of Allah (The Exalted). The entire creation wants Allah (The Exalted) to be pleased with them and Allah (The Exalted) Wills the pleasure of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
  1. 40 Belief: From amongst the Unique blessings bestowed upon the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the Me’raaj (ascension in to the heavens), when the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) journeyed in a short space of night with his physical body from Masjid‑e‑Haraam (Makkah) to Masjid‑e‑Aqsa (in Jerusalem), from there into the seven skies, pass the Throne (Kursi), and even beyond the ‘Arsh and he was blessed with such closeness, that has never been bestowed upon any human or Angel ever before and will never be bestowed ever to anybody else. He saw Allah (The Exalted) with the eyes of his head and he heard the speech of Allah (The Exalted) without any means and he saw and understood every atom in the heights of the heavens, the skies and the earths.
  1. 41 Belief: The entire creation from beginning to end including Nabi Ibraheem (upon whom be peace) is in need of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
  1. 42 Belief: The station of Shafa’at‑e‑Kubra (Greatest station of intercession) on the day of Judgement has been given to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Until the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) does not open the doors of intercession, none will have the authority to intercede. All those who wish to intercede, will all bring their cases in the court of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It is only the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) who is an intercessor in the court of Allah (The Exalted). This Shafa’at‑e‑Kubra will be for all, in other words the believers, Kaafirs, obedient and the sinners. The reason for this is because all will be waiting for the reckoning to take place and they will be in great difficulty and torment and they will wish that they were taken and thrown into the dungeons of hell and that they may be freed from the waiting. It is on this basis, that all people from the beginning right upto the end, the followers, the believers, kaafirs and hypocrites will all praise the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). This station of Praise is called the “Maqaam‑e‑Mahmood”. There are also other types of intercession, for example: the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) will allow many to enter paradise without any questioning. The amount of people that are known in this category is four hundred million and ninety Karor (One Karor is 10 millions). This is an amount that we know. This will be even more than this, which is only known to Allah (The Exalted) and His Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). There will be those whose reckoning would have taken place and they would be asked to go to hell. He (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) will intercede for them and free them from entering hell. He will intercede for some and will remove them from hell. He will elevate the positions of some and allow the punishment of many to be lessened.
  1. 43 Belief: All levels of intercession have been proven for the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), be it Shafa’at bil Wajaahat, Shafa’at bil Muhabat or Shafa’at bil Izn. Only he will reject this, who is a mislead person.
  1. 44 Belief: The station of Intercession has been already blessed to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) says, “I have been blessed with (the station) of intercession. Allah (The Exalted) says, “Ask forgiveness for the sins of your special ones and for the ordinary believing men and believing women.” If this is not intercession then what is? Other points relating to intercession which will occur on the day of Judgement will be discussed in topic on the hereafter.
  1. 45 Belief: If a person does not love the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) more than his parents, children and the entire creation, then he can never be a Muslim.
  1. 46 Belief: Obedience to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is in reality obedience to Allah (The Exalted). Obedience to Allah (The Exalted) is not possible without obedience to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). If a person is in Fard Salaah and the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) calls out to him, he should immediately respond to the call of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and present himself in the Court of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and such a person is still in Salaah, no matter for how long he is in the presence of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). There will be no interference in his Salaah.
  1. 47 Belief: Respect for the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in other words to honour and revere him is part of Imaan and the basis of Imaan. After bringing Imaan, to respect the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the greatest obligation from all obligations. The importance of this can be gathered from this Hadith. ‘On the return from The Battle of Khaibar, the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) prayed his ‘Asr Salaah and laid down to rest on the lap of ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) at a place called Sahba. ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) had not yet prayed his ‘Asr Salaah. He watched the sun setting and the time of ‘Asr about to expire, but he did not move his lap, as he did not want to disturb the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), thinking that he may be having a dream (a Nabis dream is also revelation). Finally the sun had set. When the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) woke, ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) explained what had happened. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) commanded the sun to rise again and the sun rose from the west. ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) prayed his ‘Asr Salaah and the sun then set.’ This shows that ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) sacrificed his ‘Asr Salaah which is the middle Salaah in the love of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), for he knew that even worship is through the blessing of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Another Hadith is in support of the first. ‘In the Cave of Thaur, ‘Abu Bakr Siddique (may Allah be pleased with him) entered first and then tore his clothes and covered all the holes in the cave. One hole was still open, so he covered it with his toe. He then requested the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) to enter. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) entered and rested on his lap. There was a snake in the cave which desired to see the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It rubbed its head against the feet of ‘Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), but he did not move his foot, thinking that it would disturb the rest of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Finally the snake bit him on his toe. When ‘Abu Bakr’s (may Allah be pleased with him) tears fell on the blessed face of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), he (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) woke. He explained what had happened. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) applied his blessed saliva on the wound and this gave him comfort. Every year, after that, for twelve years, the poison caused relapse until it was the cause of his passing from this world.
  1. 48 Belief: To respect and revere the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) now should be in the same manner as when he was physically on this earth before the eyes of the people. This is a great Obligation upon us. When listening to the blessed name of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), we should do so with great sincerity and honour. We must recite the Durood on hearing his blessed name as this is Waajib (necessary) “Allahuma Salle Alaa Sayyidina Wa Maulana Muhammadin Ma’dinil Joodi wal Karami Wa Aalihil Ikraam Wa Sahbihil Izaam wa Baarik Wa Sallim” The true sign of love for the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is to make his Dhikr (remembrance) him in abundance. Recite Durood in abundance and when writing his blessed name, always right (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Some people write s.a.w etc. in short for (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wasallam). This is not permissible and is Haraam. It is also a sign of love and faith, to love the blessed family of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), His companions, The Muhajireen (migrators), The Ansaar (Helpers) and all those who are associated to them. It is also a sign of love, to have enmity for the enemies of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) even though he may be your father, son, brother or from your tribe. One who does not do so, is false in his claim that he loves the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Are you not aware of the fact that the companions left the elders, relatives and homes for the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). How is it possible to love the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and at the same time have love for his enemies? Since two things that are opposed to each other can never be gathered together you have to choose one of the two. You can either choose to attain paradise or go towards hell. The sign of true love is this, that the words that you use in the court of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) should be adorned with respect and dignity. You should never use such a word that has even the slightest sign of disrespect in it. Never use his name when addressing the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as this is not permissible. Always say, Yaa Nabi Allah, Yaa RasoolAllah, Yaa HabeebAllah. If you ever have the opportunity of being present in Madinah, then stand four hand lengths away from the golden mesh (Rauza) with hands tied in great respect, like in Salaah. Lower your head and send Salutations to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Do not go to close (you may cause disrespect) and do not look around and never ever raise your voice, for you will lose all the good which you have gathered in your entire life. It is also a sign of love, to ask from those who know, about the sayings, actions and all related things about the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), so that you may be able to act upon it.
  1. 49 Belief: Any person who looks at any saying, action, practice or condition of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) with the slightest contempt, is a Kaafir.
  1. 50 Belief: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the “Absolute Representative” of Allah (The Exalted). The entire universe has been given in the possession of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). He may do as he pleases and he may give whatever he pleases to whomsoever he pleases and he may take whatever he pleases from whomsoever he pleases. There is nobody in the universe that can overturn his command. The entire universe is under his command and he (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is only under the command of Allah (The Exalted) and none other. He is the Master of all the people. The entire paradise is his property. The Angels, skies and earths are all under his command. The keys to paradise and hell have been given in his blessed hands. Sustenance and all good things are distributed through his exalted Court. The world and the hereafter is one portion of his blessings. The authority of the Shari’ah has been given in the control of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), that he may make unlawful anything upon whom he pleases and make lawful anything upon whom he pleases, and he may excuse one from any obligation that he pleases to.
  1. 51 Belief: The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was the first to be blessed with the status of Prophethood. On the Day of Meethaq (Covenant), all the Prophets took an oath to bring faith in him and assist him and it was on this condition, that they too were blessed with prophethood. The Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the Nabi of all the Nabis and all the Prophets are the Ummati of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Each one of them in their era worked under the command of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as his deputies. Allah (The Exalted) made the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) the manifestation of His Being and He brightened the entire universe through the Noor (light) of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), in this sense that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is everywhere. 

IMPORTANT LAW

Those issues of the Prophets relating to certain mishaps which occurred (such as Nabi Adam upon whom be peace eating from the tree) are not allowed to be discussed. To read or discuss this except in the Qur’aan or in narrations of Hadith is haraam, in other words strongly forbidden. What right do others have to speak on their issues? Allah (The Exalted) is their Lord. He may take their actions as He Wills in which ever manner He Wills. They are His beloved servants. They may show humility in the Court of their Lord as they wish. No other person is allowed to use their words (in such cases) as a permit. One who uses these incidents as proof for himself is cursed. As for these instances which seem to show mishap on their part, are in reality based on thousands of wisdoms and good things (that we can not even understand). In these actions, there are thousands of fruits of benefit and blessings. Look at just the one issue of Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace). If he had not eaten the fruit, he would have not come down from paradise onto earth. The earth would not have been inhabited. Neither would the heavenly books have been revealed and nor would the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) have come. There would have been no jihad. The doors to hundreds of thousands of possibilities would have been closed. The one thing that opened the door to all this, was the one blessed action of Nabi Adam (upon whom be peace). These actions of the Prophets are even greater than the best deeds of the Siddiqeen (Truthful ones). 

Important Note: 

There are different words that are used in this text such as ‘Takfeer’ which means it is without any doubt what-so-ever clear Kufr and one will be out of the folds of Islam.

The term ‘is a Kafir,’ ‘will be Kufr,’ ‘are words/statement of Kufr’ and ‘is Kufr’ are similar, however, depending on the (Urf) custom of the time or environment in the community it could have different meanings, hence, the Fatwa of Kufr will not be given. This can only be done by a qualified Mufti.

 

Words of Kufr in regards to the Prophets

(upon them all be peace)

 

  1. Whoso believes that after the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) someone has received Prophethood or that it is possible, is a Kafir[1] & [2]. [i] 
  1. In the verse “Khatamun Nabiyyeen” (the last one amongst the Prophets) if the well known meaning is interpreted in any way or abnormality, is Kufr. [ii]
  1. Not to know the Mirzais’ (Qadiyani/Ahmadi) as Kafirs after being informed of their Kufr, is Kufr. [iii] All of them are included; those who believe him as a Prophet, a Mujaddid (reviver) or Maseeh, those who believe him as a Muslim and even those who doubt his Kufr are Kafirs.[3] For further details read “Rad Mirzaiyat” by Imam Ahmad Raza Khan. 
  1. Those who ask a person who claims Prophethood for miracles is a Kafir, hence, if it is to show their powerlessness (show them up) it is not Kufr. [iv] A false claimant of Prophethood can never perform a miracle.
  1. To believe that a person who is not a Prophet can receive Prophetic revelation is Kufr. [v]
  1. Whoso says Prophethood can be obtained by worship and devotion is a Kafir. [vi]
  1. Whoso believes that Prophethood can be taken away/leave from a Prophet is a Kafir. [vii]
  1. Whoso says that any Prophet (upon them be peace) has hidden any command of Allah (The Exalted) and not give it to people is a Kafir. [viii]
  1. Whoso believes a non-Prophet more superior in virtue than a Prophet or equal is a Kafir[4]. [ix] 
  1. Whoso says ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) is joint with the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) in his Prophethood is a Kafir[5]. 
  1. To believe the Imams of Ahle Bayt[6] as more virtuous than the Prophets is Kufr. [x] 
  1. To believe ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) as more virtuous than the Prophets is a Kafir. [xi]
  1. To believe a martyr more virtuous than the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is Kufr. [xii]
  1. Whoso calls oneself a Messenger or a Prophet and interprets it as I pass on messages, is a Kafir, meaning this interpretation (is not used) or not heard in our time (Urf), then the words Messenger or Prophet are in its context. [xiii]
  1. Whoso with disrespect or enmity, desires there were no Prophets amongst the Prophets has done Kufr. [xiv]
  1. The slightest disrespect or rejection of any Prophet is Kufr. [xv]
  1. A person spoke about the greatness and loftiness of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) another in anger said, “Shall I swear at your Prophet?” this statement is Kufr. 
  1. To call the Prophets’ (upon them be peace) equivalent to filth or dirt in the court of Allah (The Exalted) is clear disrespectful and Kufr. [xvi]
  1. Whoso says if there is someone small or big in front of Allah (The Exalted)[7] is more disgraced than dirt is a Kafir and Murtad (one who has left Islam). [xvii]
  1. Whoso says, to take your thoughts towards the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is much
    worse than to be immersed in the thought of an ox or a donkey[8] is Kufr and strong disrespect. [xviii] 
  1. To believe that Shaytaan has more knowledge than the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)[9] is Kufr. [xix]
  1. To say that the knowledge of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is like animals, lunatics and children is Kufr[10]. [xx]
  1. To call the Prophets’ (upon them be peace) and Awliya[11] as worthless people[12], is clear Kufr.
  1. Whoso says I will not accept such a person’s words be it a Prophet, is a Kafir. [xxi]
  1. To disrespect the brothers of Nabi Yusuf (upon whom be peace) is either unlawful or Kufar? [xxii] There is difference of opinion as to if they are Prophets or not, if they are then to disrespect them is Kufr and if not their disrespect is not Kufr. In Tafsir-e-Na‘imi Mufti Ahmad Yaar Khaan Na‘imi writes that they are not Prophets.
  1. It is said, even if the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and Angels give verification in front of you, even then you will not make the declaration, another said yes, such a person is a Kafir. [xxiii]
  1. Whoso keeps hatred towards any Prophet, is a Kafir. [xxiv]
  1. To take a fault out a Prophet is Kufr[13]. [xxv]
  1. Whoso says Nabi Aadam (upon whom be peace) used to sew clothes hence, we are weavers[14] this is Kufr. [xxvi] 
  1. To disrespect any Prophet (upon them be peace), disrespect in their honour or to associate them with evil deeds or shamelessness is Kufr. For instance, Allah forbid! To associate Nabi Yusuf (upon whom be peace) towards adultery is Kufr. [xxvii]
  1. To say that Nabi Yusuf (upon whom be peace) wandered about in the love of Zulaykha are words of Kufr.
  1. If someone wrote any Prophets name on paper and purposely threw it in impurity (place of disrespect) will be a Kafir.
  1. Whoso totally denies miracles is a Kafir[15]. [xxviii]
  1. To deny bringing the dead back to life by Nabi ‘Isa (upon whom be peace) is Kufr. [xxix]
  1. If someone dislikes something because it was liked by the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) for instance Gourd (Kaddu/Dudi – from the pumpkin family[16]) is Kufr. [xxx] If someone dislikes something that any of the Prophets liked is Kufr too. 
  1. To have hatred for the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or dislike/disrespect his name, Prophethood, way of life, Sunnah is Kufr[17].
  1. To have doubt in the Kufr of someone who has disrespected the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is Kufr[18]. [xxxi] 
  1. Whoso disrespects anything about the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or picks fault or disrespects the blessed hair, or shows his clothing as filthy or dirty is a Kafir. [xxxii] The same ruling applies for those who disrespect any Prophet.
  1. Joking about the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or opposing due to the number of wives, such a person is a Kafir.
  1. Whoso calls any action of the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) against respect is a Kafir, for instance to lick the fingers after eating. [xxxiii] Even if it is regarding the tying the Amama (head gear) or its Shimla (the tail) etc.
  1. Whoso calls the Messenger of Allah’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) nails as big/long is a Kafir. [xxxiv]
  1. Whoso associates the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as being lunatic, be it only for a moment is a Kafir and not when associated with fainting or unconsciousness. [xxxv]
  1. Whoso says that there is no benefit[19] on us from the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is a Kafir. [xxxvi] 
  1. Whoso says I do not know if the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is a believer or a non-believer in his grave, such a person is a Kafir. [xxxvii]
  1. To call the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) an orphan by means of disrespect is Kufr. [xxxviii]
  1. To call the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) poor thing by the means of disrespect is Kufr. [xxxix]
  1. Whoso denies the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as a servant of Allah (The Exalted) is a Kafir. [xl]
  1. To completely deny that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is a human being is Kufr. [xli] To even have doubt in it is Kufr too, as this is proven from the Qur’aan. [xlii]
  1. To call the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) post/delivery man is Kufr. [xliii]
  1. To say without respect, only a Messenger Messenger, is Kufr. [xliv]
  1. To say, if such a person was a Prophet I would not bring faith, is a Kafir. [xlv]
  1. To associate the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) with pride is Kufr. [xlvi]
  1. Whoso claims to reach Allah (The Exalted) without the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is a Kafir. [xlvii]
  1. Whoso says I can connect you to Allah (The Exalted) without a Messenger is a Kafir.
  1. To call the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) two faced is strong Kufr. [xlviii]
  1. Whoso dose not believe the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) as a creation is a Kafir. [xlix]
  1. Whoso calls the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) God or believes both as one being is a Kafir. [l]
  1. Whoso believes anyone with the attributes that are specific to the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) is either misguided or a Kafir. [li]
  1. To say if Nabi Aadam (upon whom be peace) did not eat the apple we would have not been unfortunate, is Kufr. [lii]
  1. Whoso says I do not know if Aadam (upon whom be peace) is a Prophet or not is a Kafir. [liii]
  1. To deny the Prophethood of Dhul Kifl and Khidhr (upon them be peace) is not Kufr as it is not proven from the consensus (even though it is correct that they are prophets). [liv]
  1. Whoso say, I love you as much as the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) but even more, such a person is a Kafir.
  1. Whoso says you are more truthful in my eyes than the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and more respect, is a Kafir.

FootNotes

[1] See volume two for Wahabi/Deobandi beliefs. 

[2] FALSE BELIEF : If Allah wills, then he may create a million Muhammads. (“Taqweeyatul Imaan”).

Denial of the Last Prophet: Molvi Qasim Nanotvi, the founding father of Darul Uloom Deoband writes: “If at all some prophet comes after the Holy Prophet’s era, it would not make any difference to the status of the Holy Prophet as the Seal of prophets.” (Tahzeerunnas, p. 25)  It was this vague statement which later encouraged Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiani to declare himself as a prophet in the form of Promised Maseeh. 

CORRECT BELIEF : The doors of Prophethood have been sealed. Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the Seal of Prophethood. The Prophet also said that no Prophet shall come after him. Any person who claims Nabuwat after the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is a Liar, Dajjal Kazaab and a Shaitaan.  

[3] See volume two for the beliefs of the Qadianis’.

[4] FALSE BELIEF: Qasim Nanotvi Deobandi says: “Prophets are superior to their followers only in knowledge, but in good deeds, followers sometimes seem equal and occasionally even become superior to them.”  On page 5  of “Tehzeerunnas” (published in Maktaba Fayz Nazd Jami Masjid Deoband). 

[5] See  volume two for the Shia beliefs.

[6] The people of the Prophet’s house i.e. Imams Hasan/Husain. 

[7] FALSE BELIEF:  “This should be believed that each creation whether large or small, in front of Allah’s dignity is disgraced worse than a cobbler.” (“Taqweeyat-ul Imaan” by Ismaeel Dehlwi).

CORRECT BELIEF : The Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the most beloved Nabi of Almighty Allah. Almighty Allah took Qasm (Oath) even on the city of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). He is the greatest of the creations of Almighty Allah. His every word is accepted in the Court of Allah. He is a perfection in the Attributes of Almighty Allah and Allah has not created any unique being besides Sayyiduna Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). 

[8] FALSE BELIEF : A Thought of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) during the Salaah invalidates Salaah: Ismail Dehlavi writes: In Salaah thought of intercourse with your wife or evil temptation of adultery is better, and to think about a Shaikh or a pious person even thinking about the Holy Prophet is much worse than thinking of your own donkey or oxen.” (Siraat-e-Mustaqeem, Farsi,  p.86) 

CORRECT BELIEF : For a Muslim to perform any worship accepting that it is a noble action of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the true sense of worship. If one reads Namaaz thinking of it as the Sunnah of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), then, without doubt, one will think of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). This belief creates in the mind of the performer the thought of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Not only is the thought of the Prophet in Namaaz permissible, it is also the demand of Shari’ah that one must remember the Holy Prophet (salall laahu alaihi wasallam) at the time of Tashahud. According to the Fuqaha (Jurists) it is Waajib to believe that the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is observing you and that he is aware of your actions.

[9] FALSE BELIEF: Shaitaan and the Angel of death are more knowledgeable than the Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). (Baraaheen-e-Qaati’ah, page 51/52).

CORRECT BELIEF: see footnote No: 11.

[10] FALSE BELIEF : The knowledge of the Prophet is like children and animals. The knowledge of Shaitaan is more than the Prophet. To say that the Prophet possessed ‘Ilm-e-Ghayb or Knowledge of the Unseen, is Shirk. (“Hifzul Imaan” by Ashraf Ali Thanwi; “Barahine Qaatia”; “Fatawa Rasheedia”)

CORRECT BELIEF : The meaning of the word “Nabi” alone is “one who knows and shows the Unseen”. What position does the knowledge of an ordinary person hold in front of that of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam)? It is even less than a drop in front of an ocean or a grain of dust compared to all the sand in the world. The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has been blessed with all the knowledge by Almighty Allah.

[11] FALSE BELIEF : To eat and drink the Tabarukaat (Niyaz) of the Saints causes the heart to die (spiritually). (“Fatawa Rasheedia”)

CORRECT BELIEF : Eating the Niyaz of the Awliya brightens the heart and one’s life and is a means of great blessing.

[12] FALSE BELIEF : To put lights, carpets, to give water and food, or arrange Wudhu water at the Mazaar of Awliyah Allah are Shirk.

CORRECT BELIEF : If carrying out all the above mentioned practices at other places are permissible, then it should be a means of blessing to do so at the Darbaar of a Wali where there are a gathering of Muslims.

[13] FALSE BELIEF : To respect the Prophet deeply is Kufr. (“Ad Durrun Nadheed” by Qazi Shaukani)

CORRECT BELIEF : The respect and reverence of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not only waajib, but is an obligation upon every Muslim. Unless a person does not love the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) more than anyone and anything in the world, his Imaan will not be perfected. The love of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the first condition of Imaan.

[14] A person who sews clothes. 

[15] FALSE BELIEF: The illusion of illusionists are greater than the Miracle of Prophets. (“Mansab-e-Imaamat”)

CORRECT BELIEF: The Miracles of Prophets are to show proof of their Prophethood and it is that which is from Allah, whereas the illusions of illusionists are from Shaitaan.

[16] It was said to Imam Abu Yusuf (student of Imam Aazam) that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would like gourd/pumpkin (Kaddu), a person from the gathering said, “but I do not like it.” Listening to this Imam Abu Yusuf pulled out his sword and said, “Renew your Imaan or else I will not leave you without killing you.” 

[17] FALSE BELIEF: To call the Prophet “Shafi’ul Muznibeen”, to recite Khatam, to imagine the blessed face and the Tomb of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), to think that he has authority – all these qualities, even with the granting of Allah Ta’ala – is all Shirk, so much like the Shirk of Abu Jahl. (Kitaabut-Tauheed by Ibne Abdul Wahab Najdi)

CORRECT BELIEF : According to authentic sources of Islamic Shari’ah, to belief that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is interceder, mercy, authority, helpful, and to imagine his blessed face and Tomb with respect, is regarded as a great and rewarding action. To recite Khatam Shareef is also permissible and rewarding as well. A person who denies this, his belief is like Abu Jahl.

FALSE BELIEF : Ambiya are not totally free from lies. To say that it is not possible for Ambiya to lie or to say that they are totally sinless is false. (“Tasfiyatul Aqaa’id” by Qasim Nanothwi)

CORRECT BELIEF : Ambiya and Malaa’ikah are Masoom (Sinless). It is impossible (Muhaal) for them to commit sin. Committing a sin is not a quality of Ambiya. Ambiya are free from all small and big sins and all defects even before and after their Nubuwat.

FALSE BELIEF : The Ummah sometimes supercede the Ambiya in A’maal (Good deeds). (“Tahzeerun Naas” by Qasim Nanotwi)

CORRECT BELIEF : A Kaafir can never be equal to a Muslim. An ordinary Muslim is not equal to a practising Muslim. A practising Muslim can never be equal to a non-Aalim, who is not equal to an Aalim. An Aalim is never equal to a Wali, a Wali can never be  equal to a Tabbe Taabi’ee. A Tabbe Taabi’ee can never be equal to a Taabi’ee. A Taabi’ee can never be equal to a Sahaba. A Sahaba can never be equal to the Khulafa-e-Arbaa. None from the Khulafa-e-Arbaa can be equal to Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddique. He in turn can never be equal to a Nabi. No Nabi can be equal in any way to the King of Prophets, Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). How then can a Ummah supercede Nabi Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in good deeds? Ma’az-Allah!

FALSE BELIEF : The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) had died and is mixed in the sand. (“Taqweeyat-ul Imaan” by Ismaeel Dehlwi)

CORRECT BELIEF : It has been stated in the Hadith: “Verily, Almighty Allah has made it Haraam upon the earth to eat the bodies of the Ambiya”. It has also been stated that Ambiya are alive and are blessed with Sustenance from Almighty Allah.

[18] See part two for the Fatawa of Imam Ahmad Raza on the misguided sects.

[19] Molvi Husain Ahmad Madani has reported that the Saudi Wahabis have written: “A stick in our hands is more profitable to us than the Holy Prophet at least we can get rid of dogs with it, we can’t even do that with the Holy Prophet.” (Ash-Shahabus Saaqib, p. 47) 

References

[i] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 18. Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 396

[ii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 14. p. 334

[iii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 51

[iv] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 479. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506.

[v] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 13.

[vi] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 13.

[vii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 13.

[viii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 14.

[ix] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 15. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 131 & Vol: 11. p. 420. Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 419.

[x] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 62.

[xi] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 118

[xii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 132

[xiii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 171. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 479.

[xiv] Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 256. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 474. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 481

[xv] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 15. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 35 & 39. Fatwa-e-Shami. Vol: 6. p. 370. Fatwa-e-Khayriya. Vol: 1. p. 102.

[xvi] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 18.

[xvii] Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 311

[xviii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 25. .Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 156

[xix] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 70.

[xx] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 70. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 173. Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 311

[xxi] Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263.

[xxii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 173.

[xxiii] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 266. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 482.

[xxiv] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 345. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 478. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 6. p. 479. Durr-e-Mukhtar and Shaami Vol: 6. p. 370.

[xxv] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 479.

[xxvi] Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 482. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506.

[xxvii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 573. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327-8. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 478.

[xxviii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 52

[xxix] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 52

[xxx] Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 277. Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265.  Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 328. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 481. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 6. p. 479.

[xxxi] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 39.

[xxxii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170.  Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263/4. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 480. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 2. p. 479.

[xxxiii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170.  Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265.  Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 328. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 482.

[xxxiv] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170.

[xxxv] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 328. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 480.

[xxxvi] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 507. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 484.

[xxxvii] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204.

[xxxviii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 128. Shifa by Qadi Ayad. Vol: 2. p. 210

[xxxix] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 127. Shifa by Qadi Ayad. Vol: 2. p. 210

[xl] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 67

[xli] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 67

[xlii] Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 480.

[xliii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 155

[xliv] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 173.

[xlv] Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574.

[xlvi] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 135.

[xlvii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 99.

[xlviii] Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 211.

[xlix] Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 464.

[l] Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 464.

[li] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 18.

[lii] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 265.  Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 481. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506.

[liii] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263.  Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 478. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506.

[liv] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 506. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 478. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 6. p. 479.