Angels are created from Noor (light). Allah (The Exalted) has blessed them with the ability to take whatever form they wish. They sometimes come in the form of humans and sometimes in other forms.
- 1 Belief: They do only that which is the command of Allah (The Exalted). They do not act contrary to the command of Allah (The Exalted) either intentionally, unintentionally or by error. They are the Masoom (sin free) servants of Allah (The Exalted). They are free from all major and minor sins.
- 2 Belief: They have been given various duties. Some of them take revelation to the Prophets, some of them are responsible for causing rain, some of them are in charge of the wind, some of them are in charge of delivering sustenance, some of them are responsible for moulding the form of the child in the womb of the mother, some are responsible for possessions in the human body, some protect humans against their enemies, some of them are responsible for looking for gatherings of those who make Dhikr and to present themselves in it, some write the deeds of the humans, many of them have the responsibility of being present in the court of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), some of them are given the duty of carrying the Salutations of the people to the Court of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), some are responsible for questioning the dead, removing the soul, giving punishment and blowing the Soor (Horn shaped instrument on the Day of judgement). With the exception of these duties, there are various other duties given to the Angels.
- 3 Belief: Angels are neither male nor female.
- 4 Belief: To accept them to be Qadeem (uncreated) or say them to be the Creator is Kufr.
- 5 Belief: Their number is only known to Him who created them (Allah The Exalted) and through his informing, His Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) knows. Four Angels are most famous: Jibraeel, Mikaeel, Israfeel and Izraeel (upon them all be peace). They are superior over all the other Angels.
- 6 Belief: The slightest disrespect towards any Angel is Kufr. Some ignorant people have the habit of referring to their enemies as Malakul Mowt (Angel of Death) or Izraeel. These are close to words of Kufr.
- 7 Belief: To reject the existence of Angels by saying that Angels only refer to the power of good and nothing else is wrong. These are words of Kufr.
The Upper class of the favourite Angels
After the class of the blessed prophets and messengers there exists the upper class of the favourite angels for example, our chiefs and Helpers are:
- Angel Jibrael (upon whom be peace) (Gabriel) who was responsible to bring the revelations of Allah to the prophets.
- Angel Mikael (upon whom be peace) (Michael) who is responsible for causing rainfall and supplying provisions to Allah’s creatures.
- Angel Israfeel (upon whom be peace) who will blow the trumpet on the Day of Resurrection.
- Angel Izrael (upon whom be peace) (The Archangel) who is entrusted with the work of fetching out souls of living beings.
None of the favourite saints can reach their elevated dignity nor attain their high place. Any insolence or contradiction with them is of the same kind of infidelity as it is mentioned in respect of the insolence against the prophets and the messengers of Allah. Out of these favourite angels Angel Jibrael happened to be the teacher of the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). Allah reveals “He [the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)] was taught by the possessor of strong forces and a Mighty person” (Jibrael)”. Angel Jibrael (upon whom be peace) happens to be the perfect exhibitor of the grandeurs of Divinity. He is competing in all respects according to the standards of strength of body, of wisdom and of sight.
He was the bearer of the burden of the revelation of Allah. He is able to reach within a flinch of the eye up to Sidra-tul-muntaha (the stop of ascent in the seventh heaven). He has so much wisdom and insight of faith that he managed to descend with the revelation of Allah and with full honesty carried out his duty. Under such circumstances how can he be a pupil of anybody? In which case his teacher would have been the grand teacher of the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). It is he (Jibrael) whom Allah the Almighty has referred to as the gracious messenger and honest resident. It means that he is the most honourable in the presence of the most Exalted Possessor of the divine Throne. He is the leader of all the supreme angels.
All the angels happen to be his subordinates and obedient. He was the trustee of the revelation of Allah and none can question about his trust and his performance of the duty of conveyance of message, which was free from any possibility of a mistake whatsoever. We cannot accuse him of any lethargy or negligence. He was capable to carry out his duty as a messenger. He was a perfect guard of the divine secrets and lights. He enjoys the highest rank among the angels and is the most favourite, dignified and respectable. Except the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), Hazraat Jibrael (upon whom be peace) did not serve anybody. According to a tradition he led the troops of angels who participated in the Battle of Badar and fought as a soldier in the army of the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace). If the great companions and dignified saints have a chance of his service then they should regard it to be a great honour and pride because in that case they would be regarded to be the servants of the Holy Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) (who have to be served and obeyed by dwellers of both the worlds).
They are created from fire. Some from amongst them have been given the power to take whichever form they wish. Their life spans are very lengthy. The mischievous ones amongst them are called Shaytaan. Like humans, they have intelligence, souls and bodies. They even have children. They eat, drink, live and die.
- 1 Belief: There are also Muslims and Kaafirs amongst them, but in comparison to humans, their kaafirs are much more in number. Amongst their Muslims, there are those who are pious and those who are sinners. They even have Sunni and non‑Sunni (Bad Mazhab) amongst them. The number of Faasiqs (open sinners) amongst them is more than that amongst humans.
- 2 Belief: To reject their existence or to say that Shaytaan or Jinn only refers to the power of bad is Kufr.
There are different words that are used in this text such as ‘Takfeer’ which means it is without any doubt what-so-ever clear Kufr and one will be out of the folds of Islam.
The term ‘is a Kafir,’ ‘will be Kufr,’ ‘are words/statement of Kufr’ and ‘is Kufr’ are similar, however, depending on the (Urf) custom of the time or environment in the community it could have different meanings, hence, the Fatwa of Kufr will not be given. This can only be done by a qualified Mufti.
Words of Kufr in regards to the Angels
- To take fault out of any angel or to disrespect them is Kufr. [i]
- If someone wrote the names of Jibraeel, Mikaeel, Israfeel or ‘Izraeel (upon them be peace) on paper and with disrespect and dishonour threw it in impurity, such a person is a Kafir.
- To see an enemy and say the angel of death (Malik-ul-Mowt) is here or to say I recognise the person as angel of death, if it is to call the angel of death bad, it is Kufr and if on the basis on disliking death it is not Kufr. [ii]
- To believe the angels from the beginning or creator is Kufr. [iii]
- To deny the existence of angels or to say angels are called the power of good deeds and besides this nothing, both of these are Kufr. [iv]
- Someone said “I will not accept such a person’s evidence even if it be Jibraeel or Mikaeel (upon them be peace),” this statement is Kufr. [v]
- Whoso says that Jibraeel (upon whom be peace) committed mistake when passing on revelation, is a Kafir. [vi]
- Whoso says Izraeel (upon whom be peace) has made a mistake when taking the soul, is a Kafir. [vii]
[i] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 171. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 205. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 266. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 507. Durre Mukhtar. Vol: 6. p. 375. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 156
[ii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 171. Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 205. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 578. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 507. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 266. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 347.
[iii] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 24.
[iv] Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 24.
[v] Bahr-ur-Raqiq. Vol: 5. p. 205.
[vi] Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 264. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 318. Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 351. Shaami. Vol: 6. p. 378
[vii] Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 507.