Chapter One

Words of Kufr in regard to the Being of Allah (The Exalted)

Important Note:

There are different words that are used in this text such as ‘Takfeer’ which means it is without any doubt what-so-ever clear Kufr and one will be out of the folds of Islam.

The term ‘is a Kafir,’ ‘will be Kufr,’ ‘are words/statement of Kufr’ and ‘is Kufr’ are similar, however, depending on the (Urf) custom of the time or environment in the community it could have different meaning, hence, the Fatwa of Kufr will not be given. This can only be done by a qualified Mufti.

These statements are real examples of Kufr that have been said by people from the time of the great jurists over 1000 years ago till today and not made up. All the references have been provided from books of these great jurist.

 

  1. Whosoever attributes to Allah (The Exalted) that which does not befit His dignity or jokes about any of His names or His commands or rejects His promise or punishment, such a person will be a Kafir.1 (Takfeer will be done). i
  2. If someone claimed that Allah (The Exalted) eats, drinks, sleeps and gets tired, or associates, brings about anything that brings weakness, degrades, take fault in the Being of Allah (The Exalted) that does not befit His dignity is Kufr
  3. To say “Allah (The Exalted) has taken Daizfam 802 and gone to sleep,” is Kufr.
  4. To swear to Allah (The Exalted) in seriousness, as a joke, in happiness or in anger is Kufr.
  5. To say, “Make supplication in the morning as Allah (The Exalted) is free at this time,” is kufr.
  6. If a person keeps mentioning Allah (The Exalted), and another person said to him, ‘Is He (Allah) your uncle?’ The person who says this will become a Kafir. ii
  7. To say, “Do not perform so many good deeds that Allah’s reward decreases,” is kufr.
  8. When it thunders some say “Allah (The Exalted) is roaring (shouting),” this is kufr.
  9. “Love is such that even Allah (The Exalted) is astonished,” are words of kufr.
  10. “Allah (The Exalted) is also distressed with such a person’s actions,” or saying, “by creating such a person Allah (The Exalted) is also distressed,” are words of Kufr.
  11. To say, “Allah (The Exalted) made your hair with great leisure,” are words of Kufr.
  12. To say, “Such a person lives behind Allah (The Exalted),” are words of kufr.
  13. To call Allah (The Exalted) a creation, forgetful, to reject being a servant of Allah (The Exalted), to deny Allah (The Exalted) is kufr. Iii
  14. If someone claims that prostrating to Allah (The Exalted), is degrading and disrespect of a pious person and does not befit the dignity of a pious person, such a person is a Kafir.
  15. “If Allah (The Exalted) is disappointed then be so,” or saying “If the Lord is crying let Him, my beloved would not cry,” these terms are used commonly in songs, people play and listen to these with pleasure, the command of kufr is upon all.
  16. If a person never falls ill or is very old and is not dying, then to say “Allah (The Exalted) has forgotten such a person,” is kufr. iv
  17. If someone believes that Allah (The Exalted) can make mistakes, is forgetful or to find/make a fault is a Kafir.
  18. To say Allah (The Exalted) makes mistakes or forgets or has a fault is kufr.
  19. “When will I be called, may be the creator has forgotten,” is kufr.
  20. “Maybe Allah (The Exalted) has forgotten to write anything in my destiny,” these are words of kufr.
  21. Zaid said, “It is possible it rains today,” Bakr said, “No mate, Allah (The Exalted) has forgotten us,” is also kufr.
  22. Someone said, “Fear Allah (The Exalted),” the other said, “Where is Allah (The Exalted)?” are words of kufr. v To reject the existence of Allah (The Exalted) or to have doubt is kufr.
  23. “If there was an Allah (The Exalted), He would definitely listen to my supplication,” the one who says this is a Kafir.
  24. “If there really was an Allah (The Exalted), He would assist the poor, assist the needy,” one who says this is a Kafir.
  25. To believe that Allah (The Exalted) can enter into objects is kufr. vi
  26. To accuse Allah (The Exalted) is kufr, hence, if someone says, “I don’t know why Allah (The Exalted) has mentioned this thing in the Qur’aan?” such person is a Kafir. vii Note: To say all the following words accusing Allah (The Exalted) is kufr.
  27. To say, “Allah (The Exalted) has kept the Fajr Salaah too early,” is kufr.
  28. “At times when I do something with somebody Allah (The Exalted) straightaway catches me out,” these are words of kufr.
  29. “If someone does anything with another, that person has full freedom from Allah (The Exalted),” these are words of kufr.
  30. “If I do something minor with someone, Allah (The Exalted) straightaway catches me,” these are words of kufr.
  31. “Allah (The Exalted) has always given hand to my enemies,” these are words of kufr.
  32. “I have seen, every time I have left everything with Allah (The Exalted) nothing happens,” these are words of kufr.
  33. “Allah (The Exalted) has not made my fate good the slightest upto now,” these are words of kufr.
  34. “Maybe in His treasures there is nothing in my name, my worldly desires have never been fulfilled, throughout my life none of my supplications have been accepted, whoever I wanted has gone further away, every dream has broken, all wishes are trodden over, now tell me, how shall I bring faith in Allah (The Exalted)?” these are words of kufr.
  35. “How can I believe He (Allah) listens?” these are words of kufr.
  36. “Till today He has not accepted any of my supplications,” these are words of kufr.
  37. “A person has made my life a misery and the funny thing is even Allah (The Exalted) is with such people,” these are words of kufr.
  38. “That person has no fear of Allah (The Exalted) because Allah (The Exalted) Himself is with him. That go son Muhammad-Iqrar, go and unveil people’s sisters and falsely accuse them (of committing unlawful) I am with you.
  39. “But Allah (The Exalted) on every step has proven that I don’t help the needy and poor,” these are words of kufr.
  40. “Truly if Allah (The Exalted) assisted the poor then people like Iqrar3 would have served their punishment,” these are words of kufr.
  41. “Whatever he has done to us, Allah (The Exalted) Himself stands and watches our performance,” these are words of kufr.
  42. Whoso says, “I don’t know, when Allah (The Exalted) has not given me anything in the world, why did He make me?” this is kufr. viii
  43. To say by means of accusation, “I don’t know why Allah (The Exalted) created such a person?” is Kufr. ix
  44. “Creator of the world, what did You have in mind when making this world,” are words of Kufr
  45. If someone in difficulty said, “O Allah (The Exalted) You have taken wealth, have taken such a thing, what will You do next?” or “What do You want next?” or “What is left now?” these sayings are Kufr. x
  46. If a beggar upon seeing his hardship says, “O Allah (The Exalted) such a person is also Your servant, you have given him so many gifts and I am also Your servant, but You give me so much distress and difficulties, what kind of justice is this?” To say this is kufr. xi
  47. “You say that Allah (The Exalted) is with those who are patient, I say this is all rubbish,” these are words of kufr.
  48. “Those whom I love live in distress and those who are my enemies, Allah (The Exalted) keeps them pleased,” these are words of kufr.
  49. “Your Allah (The Exalted) has not shown anything to that person,” these are words of kufr.
  50. “All the system of the house of Allah (The Exalted) is upside down,” these are words of kufr.
  51. “Allah (The Exalted) helps the deceivers and cheaters Himself,” these are words of kufr.
  52. Whoso says, “If Allah (The Exalted) punishes me after my illness and the affliction of my son, He has oppressed me,” is a Kafir. xii
  53. If someone accuses Allah (The Exalted) in the state of illness, needy or an increase in difficulty, for instance to say, “O my Lord! Why do You oppress me? I have not committed any sin,” such a person is a Kafir.
  54. Whoso says, “O Allah (The Exalted) give me sustenance and do not oppress me by putting me in need,” such a person is a Kafir.” xiii
  55. To associate oppression to Allah (The Exalted), to call Him an oppressor is kufr. xiv
  56. “Allah (The Exalted) has always supported bad people,” are words of kufr.
  57. “Allah (The Exalted) has made the incapable more distressed,” are words of kufr.
  58. On hearing something astonishing saying, “The oppression is of Allah’s (The Exalted),” are words of kufr.
  59. A person dies, someone said, “Allah (The Exalted) should have not done that,” this is kufr.
  60. Whoso associates oppression to Allah (The Exalted) (for instance someone’s son had died or a great calamity and said, “Allah (The Exalted) has done great injustice” or “Allah (The Exalted) should have not done that,”) such a person has become a Kafir.
  61. Whoso says, “Allah (The Exalted) has done something without wisdom,” is a Kafir. xv
  62. “This command of Allah (The Exalted) is a waste from beginning,” are words of kufr.
  63. “There is unreasonable difficulty in the commands of Allah (The Exalted),” are words of kufr.
  64. It is said to someone, “Such a person is not doing right to you,” the person said, “Even Allah (The Exalted) is not doing good to me,” these are words of kufr. Xvi
  65. Someone seeing a bad/ugly animal said, “Allah (The Exalted) did not have anything else to do than creating an animal like this,” are words of kufr. xvii
  66. Whoso says, “I only worship to attain paradise and be saved from hell, if it wasn’t for this, I would not worship Allah (The Exalted),” such a person is a Kafir. xviii
  67. Whosoever binds a lie to Allah (The Exalted) or believes it as permissible, is kufr. 4
  68. Whosoever says, “Allah (The Exalted) knows that I haven’t done this,” however, he has, then there is the order of kufr. xix
  69. To say, “Allah (The Exalted) knows that I always remember you in my supplications,” however, he doesn’t, then there is the order of kufr. xx
  70. Zaid complains about ‘Umar in front of Bakr saying, “Allah (The Exalted) knows I am not complaining,” these are words of kufr.
  71. To say, “Allah (The Exalted) knows that you love me more than such a person or everyone,” but this is not the case, then this is kufr
  72. If someone says, “I love you so much, Allah (The Exalted) is witness,” however, if it is not the case then this is kufr. We find from this that to associate a lie to Allah (The Exalted) is kufr.
  73. Whosoever says, “I take an oath by the soil under the feet of Allah (The Exalted) and your feet,” this is kufr. xxi
  74. One who calls anyone other than Allah (The Exalted) “O deity” or “O my deity” is a Kafir. xxii
  75. To prostate with the intention of worship to anyone except Allah (The Exalted) is kufr. xxiii To prostrate to an idol not for worship only respect, the jurist has said it is kufr.
  76. To worship Holi and Diwali 5 is kufr. xxiv Even if it is in a joke, as kufr in general will be kufr in joking too. Even to go to worship the Holi or Diwali to please Hindus is kufr.
  77. Whoso believes ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) as Allah is a Kafir. xxv The same ruling applies on those who believe anyone/thing other than Allah (The Exalted) as God. A sect within the Shias believe ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) as Allah, (Allah forbid).
  78. To call Allah (The Exalted) Raam6 is Kufr. xxvi
  79. Whosoever with the intention of being cured worships other than Allah (The Exalted) is a Kafir and one who believes it as permissible is also a Kafir. xxvii
  80. A person who calls his/her Shaykh (Peer) Allah or Messenger is a Kafir. Xxviii
  81. To say Allah (The Exalted) has a part in everything and everything is Allah (The Exalted) are words of Kufr. xxix For further details see Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Volume 6.
  82. To call Zaid, ‘Umar and everyone else Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr as the ignorant hermits say. xxx
  83. Who so says ‘Isa (upon whom be peace) is the son of God is a Kafir. xxxi
  84. To say the Angels are the daughters of Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr.
  85. If someone said regarding the dead “O people! Allah (The Exalted) is more in need of them than you,” is kufr. xxxii
  86. To say that Allah (The Exalted) is in need of something or a being, is Kufr.
  87. If someone’s son has passed away, the person said, Allah (The Exalted) wanted him, this is Kufr, as such a person has said Allah (The Exalted) is in need. xxxiii
  88. Whoso said, “If Allah (The Exalted) orders me to go to paradise with such a person I will not go,” is a Kafir. xxxiv
  89. If one said to another, “Even if Allah (The Exalted) mediates for you then, I will not accept His mediation,” is a Kafir.
  90. If it is said, “If Allah (The Exalted) gives me paradise without such a person I will not go,” or “If Allah (The Exalted) gives me paradise due to such a person or such a deed then I will not go to paradise,” there is the order of Kufr. xxxv
  91. Someone said, “What else can Allah (The Exalted) do besides sending to Hell?” this statement is Kufr. Xxxvi
  92. It is said, “Even if Allah (The Exalted) ordered me to do this I would still not do it,” is a Kafir. xxxvii
  93. To say, “If on the Day of Judgement Allah (The Exalted) judges with justice then I will take my right from you,” this statement is Kufr as there is a doubt that Allah (The Exalted) will judge with justice. xxxviii
  94. To say, “Even if Allah (The Exalted) orders me to do this I will not listen,” are words of Kufr. xxxix
  95. Two people were fighting, someone said, make up, another said, even if Allah (The Exalted) says I will not, are words of Kufr.
  96. One said to another let’s both work according to the command of Allah (The Exalted), the other said, I do not know the commands of Allah (The Exalted), or said, no ones’ commands work here, is a Kafir. xl
  97. To say, “Not even Allah (The Exalted) will save you from my oppression,” is Kufr.
  98. To say with the intention of rejection “What can Allah (The Exalted) do?” or “What else can Allah (The Exalted) do, put us in Hell?” the order will be of Kufr. xli
  99. If someone was told “Do you not fear Allah (The Exalted)?” the person said, “No” there is the order of Kufr. xlii
  100. A person who talks a lot was told, Allah (The Exalted) cannot compete with your tongue, how can I? To say this is Kufr. xliii
  101. A person said to another, why don’t you keep your woman under control? The other said, Allah (The Exalted) has the power over women, how can I? This statement is Kufr. Xliv
  102. Such a person is so smart that he has even deceived Allah (The Exalted), these are words of Kufr.
  103. Allah (The Exalted) is free from body, place, time, resting, movement, appearance, and all bodily parts7 . xlv
  104. To believe for Allah (The Exalted) direction is Kufr, meaning to say Allah (The Exalted) is above8 (Upar Wala) etc. xlvi
  105. To prove a place for Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr. xlvii This is very common in people i.e. to say that Allah (The Exalted) is above (Upar Wala) is mostly taken from films and dramas. A very strong and reliable source says that from over 50 out of 100 Indian films, this is used and through this it has spread to people. People are not aware of words of Kufr, hence many have probably destroyed their faith. If anyone has used this/similar term, it is obligatory (Fardh) to repent, declare their faith again and if married renew your marriage. Only if people would stop watching films and dramas and concentrate of learning the fundamentals of religion.
  106. The Giver of sustenance is sat up there, are words of Kufr.
  107. Anyone who acknowledges a body for Allah (The Exalted) is a Kafir. xlviii For more details read a simply written book called “Qawari ‘ul Qahhaar” by Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza Khan.
  108. Whoso says Allah (The Exalted) is sat or is standing up for justice, is a Kafir. xlix
  109. To say Allah (The Exalted) is above, you are below, are words of Kufr. l
  110. Whoso says Allah (The Exalted) is in the skies with the intention of place then this is Kufr and even without any intention it is Kufr. li These are even taught to children that Allah (The Exalted) is sat on the ‘Arsh or in the skies. Children are even asked questions, where is Allah (The Exalted)? They say, in the skies. Allah (The Exalted) save us.
  111. Allah (The Exalted) is on the ‘Arsh, in the skies, there is no place empty with Him, all these are statements of Kufr. lii
  112. To say, “There is nothing nor place without the being of Allah (The Exalted) being present,” are words of Kufr. liii
  113. Whoso says Allah (The Exalted) is looking from the skies or the ‘Arsh, this statement is Kufr. liv
  114. It is said to someone In sha-Allah (Allah willing) you will do that, another said, I will do it without In sha-Allah, are words of Kufr. lv
  115. A person has oppressed another, the oppressed said, Allah (The Exalted) had destined this, the oppressor said, I do without Allah’s (The Exalted) destiny, this is Kufr. Lvi
  116. To degrade the name of Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr, for instance if someone’s name is ‘Abdullah, ‘Abdul-Haq, ‘Abdur-Rahman then to place an Alif or any other letter at the end to degrade9 is Kufr. lvii
  117. Whoso calls the attributes of Allah (The Exalted) a creation or not eternal, is misguided, lviii a Kafir. lix
  118. ‘To find out the knowledge of the unseen is in Allah’s power whenever He wants He does this is specifically the status of Allah.’ In this statement the knowledge of Allah (The Exalted) is not recognised as necessarily always with Allah (The Exalted) and ignorance for Allah (The Exalted) is possible. Because the person is saying that to find out the knowledge of unseen is in the power of Allah (The Exalted) ‘if’ He wants He finds out otherwise He remains ignorant from it,10 this is clear Kufr. lx
  119. All of Allah’s (The Exalted) attributes are from the beginning and are not new or created, hence, whoso shows Allah (The Exalted) as a creation or non-eternal or hesitates or has doubts, is a Kafir. lxi
  120. To believe that Allah (The Exalted) sleeps, gets drowsy, misguides and forgets is Kufr. lxii
  121. Whoso claims that in the world, one can really talk to Allah (The Exalted), is a Kafir. lxiii
  122. To say “Allah’s (The Exalted) knowledge is not eternal,” is a Kafir. Lxiv
  123. Whoso believes anything in this world as eternal/always existed or has a doubt in anything that has not always existed, is a Kafir. lxv
  124. Whoso believes that Allah (The Exalted) has a father, wife, son is a Kafir and whoso says it is possible, is misguided. lxvi
  125. Living, power, hearing, seeing, speaking, knowledge, intention are all personal attributes of Allah (The Exalted), however, to hear with ears, see with eyes, speak with the tongue, are all parts and He is free from parts. lxvii To believe Allah (The Exalted) has a body11 is Kufr. lxviii
  126. If a person believes without Allah (The Exalted) giving, has knowledge of the unseen, is a Kafir. lxix If anyone believes without Allah (The Exalted) giving the knowledge of anything or has ownership is a Kafir. The Ahle Sunnah believes that whatever knowledge the Prophets’ and Awliya posses or other attributes are given by Allah (The Exalted). There are people who believe this as Shirk (polytheism) as if Allah’s (The Exalted) are not personal but given, this is when it will become shirk and it is this that is rejected and Kufr that Allah’s (The Exalted) attributes are given.
  127. To attribute ignorance, powerlessness or fault to Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr12 . lxx
  128. Someone saying/singing to his Lord for wealth, O Lord! Raise the roof off, shake Your pockets O Lord! 13
  129. I will snatch it from Allah (The Exalted), are words of Kufr.
  130. Leave it out, I will personally settle this with Allah (The Exalted), are words of Kufr.
  131. Whoso says Allah (The Exalted) is pleased with Kufr, is a Kafir. lxxi
  132. Whoso says if on the day of judgement Allah (The Exalted) does justice then I will do justice, this is Kufr. lxxii
  133. If one says to his wife I like you more than Allah (The Exalted), is a Kafir. lxxiii
  134. To deny the knowledge of Allah (The Exalted) for one speck is Kufr. To deny non-existent knowledge is Kufr too.
  135. Whoso says Allah (The Exalted) does not know that which is non-existent, is a Kafir. lxxiv
  136. To say Allah (The Exalted) does not know and the angles are here to take the souls are words of Kufr. lxxv
  137. To say Qayyum (Existing), Quddus (Holy) Rahmaan (Merciful) and other names to other than Allah (The Exalted) that are specific to Him, some Scholars have written this as Kufr. lxxvi Hence, it is very important to abstain from this.14
  138. Whoso says, until I do not see Allah (The Exalted) and the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) I will not bring Imaan (faith), is a Kafir. lxxvii
  139. To say Jay (victory) to the Gods of others’, is Kufr. Lxxviii
  140. I do not know Allah (The Exalted) and the Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), one who says this is a Kafir. lxxix
  141. To say that, Kufr is a means to reach Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr. lxxx
  142. Whoso says, I do not know Tawheed (Oneness of Allah) is a Kafir. lxxxi
  143. To show that one is care free from Allah (The Exalted) is Kufr, for instance, I don’t care about Allah (The Exalted), or I am not in need of the pleasure of Allah (The Exalted) or I do not care if Allah (The Exalted) is displeased with me, I want the pleasure of my beloved. These are from films and those people whose love is fake; it is obligatory (Fardh) to save oneself from this.
  144. It is said, do not eat too much, Allah (The Exalted) does not like (those) who over eat; another said, I will, if He wants to keep me His friend or enemy, this statement is Kufr. lxxxii This is the same ruling that would be given for those who reply to sleeping and laughing a lot. lxxxiii
  145. It is said, “Seek the pleasure of Allah (The Exalted)” another said, “I don’t want it,” to say this is Kufr.
  146. It is said, do not sin Allah (The Exalted) will punish, another said, I will grasp the punishment with one hand, one saying this is a Kafir. lxxxiv
  147. Whoso says even if you were Allah (The Exalted) I will take my right, this statement is Kufr. lxxxv
  148. Whoso says I do not like the orders of Allah (The Exalted) and the Shari’ah of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or it was said that, Allah (The Exalted) has made four wives permissible and said I don’t like this rule, then this statement is Kufr. Lxxxvi
  149. Whoso says if Allah (The Exalted) gave me the order of ten Salaah I would not pray Salaah or if the Qibla was this direction I would not pray Salaah, such a person is a Kafir. lxxxvii
  150. It is said have shame before Allah (The Exalted), the person said no, this statement is Kufr. lxxxviii
  151. It is said “There will be a lot of luggage, hire a Taxi” he says, “Allah (The Exalted) is the King (Malik)” the other said, “Allah (The Exalted) is not the King do it yourself” and if a wife said to her husband, “Do such a thing for me” the husband said, “Allah (The Exalted) is the King (Malik),” the wife then said, “Allah (The Exalted) is not the King you will have to do it,” whoso says this is a Kafir.

 

References


i SharahFiqh-e-Akbar. p. 255. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p.258. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 323. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 461. Bahrur-Rahiq. Vol: 5. p. 202 etc

ii Hamawi ‘Alal Ashba.

iii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6 p. 195

iv Bahar-e-Shari’ah. Part: 9. p. 169. Bahraur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 548. Tahtawi ‘Alal Dar. Vol: 2. p. 478. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 259. Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 466

v Bahar-e-Shari’ah. Part: 9. p. 169. Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 262.

vi Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6 p. 210

vii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 278

viii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 319. Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 262

ix Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 320

x Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 321. Bahar-e-Shari’ah. Part: 9. p. 176. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 207. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Majmu’a Anhae. Vol: 2. p. 512. Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 275. Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 342

xi Bahar-e-Shari’ah. Part: 9. p. 170. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 262. Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 472.

xii Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 209. Fatwa-e-Bazaziy. Vol: 5. p. 325. Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 472

xiii Fatwa-e-Khaniya. vol: 3. p. 346. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 260. Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 466.

xiv Fatw-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 432. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 466.

xv Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 202. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 2. p. 478. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 258. Fatwa-e- Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 462.

xvi Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 260. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 476

xvii Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. vol: 2. p. 262. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 476

xviii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 283

xix Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 313. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. vol: 3. p 571. Tahtawi ‘Alal Darj. Vol: 2. p. 479. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e- Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 470

xx Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. vol: 5. p. 471.

xxi Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 327. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 476.

xxii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 315

xxiii Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 209. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 281.

xxiv Bahar-e-Shari’ah. Part: 9. p. 173

xxv Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 30. Shaami. Vol: 6. p. 378

xxvi Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol 4. p 418

xxvii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 70.

xxviii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 118.

xxix Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 132.

xxx Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 194.

xxxi Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 317

xxxii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 318

xxxiii Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 349

xxxiv Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 320. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 509. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 486

xxxv Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 320. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 509. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 486

xxxvi Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 321. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 472.

xxxvii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 574. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 263. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 485

xxxviii Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259.

xxxix . Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 258. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 113

xl Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 575. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 258. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 325. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 467

xli Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 262. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 206. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 472.

xlii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 298. Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 261. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. p. 572,3,8. Tahtawi ‘Alal Dar. Vol: 2. p. 479. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 347. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 469.

xliii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259

xliv Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 261. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 470.

xlv Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 8

xlvi Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 33. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 467.

xlvii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 202. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 33. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 580. Tahtawi ‘Alal Dar. Vol: 2. p. 478. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 464.

xlviii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 14. p. 250.

xlix Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 466. l Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 169. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 578. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 33. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. li Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Tahtawi ‘Alal Dar. Vol: 2. p. 478. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 464.

lii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 33. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 578. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 424.

liii Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 123.

liv Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 257. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 424.

lv Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 261. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 325.

lvi Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 261. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 203. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 325. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 474.

lvii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 9. p. 170. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 310. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 576. Tahtawi ‘Alal Dar. Vol: 2. p. 479. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 262. Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 324. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 474.

lviii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 4. lix Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 462. lx Al Kowkaba tush Shahabiyya.

lxi Al Kowkaba tush Shahabiyya.

lxii Al Kowkaba tush Shahabiyya.

lxiii Al Kowkaba tush Shahabiyya.

lxiv Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 262.

lxv Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 4. Fatwa-e-Amjadiya. Vol: 4. p. 444

lxvi Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 4. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 202. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 463.

lxvii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 5. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 463.

lxviii Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 5.

lxix Bahar-e-Shariat. Vol: 1. p. 5.

lxx Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 202. Fatwa-e-Khaniya. Vol: 3. p. 575. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 504. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 258. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 463.

lxxi Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 256. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 465.

lxxii Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 465.

lxxiii Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 259. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 465.

lxxiv Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 203. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 262. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 472.

lxxv Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 113.

lxxvi Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 505. Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 196.

lxxvii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 118.

lxxviii Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 149.

lxxix Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 153.

lxxx Fatwa-e-Razwiyya. Vol: 6. p. 195.

lxxxi Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 257

lxxxii Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 260

lxxxiii Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 260

lxxxiv Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 260

lxxxv Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 260. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 468

lxxxvi Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 261. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 468

lxxxvii Sharah Fiqh-e-Akbar. p. 283. Bahrur Raiq. Vol: 5. p. 204. Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 574. Majmu’a Anhar. Vol: 2. p. 508. Fatwa-e-Alamgiri. Vol: 2. p. 269. . Fatwa-e-Bazaziya. Vol: 6. p. 327

lxxxviii Fatwa-e-Tatar Khaniya. Vol: 5. p. 574.

 

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